Zwitterionic dithiocarboxylates derived from N-heterocyclic carbenes: coordination to gold surfaces

Ulrich Siemeling, Henry Memczak, Clemens Bruhn, Florian Vogel, Frank Träger, Joe E. Baio, Tobias Weidner

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The zwitterionic dithiocarboxylates 1(+)-CS(2)(-)-4(+)-CS(2)(-) were prepared by reacting the corresponding N-heterocyclic carbenes 1,3-bis(2,6-diisoproylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene (1), 1,3-diisopropylimidazol-2-ylidene (2), 1,3-dibenzylimidazol-2-ylidene (3) and 1,3-diethylbenzimidazol-2-ylidene (4) with CS(2). In the latter two cases, the corresponding N-heterocylic carbene was generated in situ. Compounds 2(+)-CS(2)(-)-4(+)-CS(2)(-) were structurally characterised by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The chemisorption of these zwitterionic dithiocarboxylates on solid gold substrates was investigated in situ and in real time by optical second harmonic generation (SHG). The resulting thin films were exemplarily characterised by near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) in the case of 1(+)-CS(2)(-) and 2(+)-CS(2)(-), revealing the formation of almost contamination-free self-assembled monolayers, which exhibit a remarkable degree of orientational order.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDalton Transactions (Print Edition)
Pages (from-to)2986-2994
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Carboxylic Acids
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Gold
  • Heterocyclic Compounds
  • Ligands
  • Methane
  • Optical Phenomena
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Surface Properties
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.


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