X-ray Diffraction from Isolated and Strongly Aligned Gas-Phase Molecules with a Free-Electron Laser

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Jochen Küpper, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
  • Stephan Stern, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
  • Lotte Holmegaard
  • ,
  • Frank Filsinger, Fritz Haber Institute of the MPG, Germany, Germany
  • Arnaud Rouzée, FOM Institute AMOLF, The Netherlands, Netherlands
  • Artem Rudenko, Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Germany, Germany
  • Per Johnsson, Lund University, Sweden, Sweden
  • Andrew V. Martin, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
  • Marcus Adolph, Technical University of Berlin, Germany, Germany
  • Andrew Aquila, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science
  • ,
  • Saša Bajt, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), 22607 Hamburg, Germany
  • Anton Barty, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
  • Christoph Bostedt, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, USA, United States
  • John Bozek, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, USA
  • ,
  • Carl Caleman, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
  • Ryan Coffee, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, USA, United States
  • Nicola Coppola, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
  • Tjark Delmas, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
  • Sascha Epp, Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Germany, Germany
  • Benjamin Erk, Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Germany, Germany
  • Lutz Foucar, Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Germany, Germany
  • Tais Gorkhover, Technical University of Berlin, Germany, Germany
  • Lars Gumprecht, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
  • Andreas Hartmann, PNSensor GmbH, Germany, Germany
  • Robert Hartmann, PNSensor GmbH, Germany, Germany
  • Günter Hauser, Max Planck Semiconductor Laboratory, Germany, Germany
  • Peter Holl, PNSensor GmbH, Germany, Germany
  • Andre Hömke, Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Germany, Germany
  • Nils Kimmel, Max Planck Semiconductor Laboratory, Germany, Germany
  • Faton Krasniqi, Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Germany, Germany
  • Kai-Uwe Kühnel, Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, Germany, Germany
  • Jochen Maurer, Denmark
  • Marc Messerschmidt, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, USA
  • ,
  • Robert Mosshammer, Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Germany, Germany
  • Christian Reich, PNSensor GmbH, Germany, Germany
  • Benedikt Rudek, Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Germany, Germany
  • Robin Santra, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
  • Ilme Schlichting, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
  • Carlo Schmidt, Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Germany, Germany
  • Sebastian Schorb, Technical University of Berlin, Germany, Germany
  • Joachim Schulz, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
  • Heike Soltau, PNSensor GmbH, Germany, Germany
  • John C. H. Spence, Department of Physics, Arizona State University, USA, United States
  • Dmitri Starodub, Department of Physics, Arizona State University, USA, United States
  • Lothar Strüder, Max Planck Semiconductor Laboratory, Germany, Germany
  • Jan Thøgersen
  • Marc J. J. Vrakking, FOM Institute AMOLF, The Netherlands, Netherlands
  • Georg Weidenspointner, Max Planck Semiconductor Laboratory, Germany, Germany
  • Thomas A. White, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
  • Cornelia Wunderer, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Germany
  • Gerard Meijer, Fritz Haber Institute of the MPG, Germany, Germany
  • Joachim Ullrich, Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
  • Henrik Stapelfeldt
  • Daniel Rolles, Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Germany, Germany
  • Henry N. Chapman, Center for Free-Electron-Laser Science, Germany
We report experimental results on x-ray diffraction of quantum-state-selected and strongly aligned ensembles of the prototypical asymmetric rotor molecule 2,5-diiodobenzonitrile using the Linac Coherent Light Source. The experiments demonstrate first steps toward a new approach to diffractive imaging of distinct structures of individual, isolated gas-phase molecules. We confirm several key ingredients of single molecule diffraction experiments: the abilities to detect and count individual scattered x-ray photons in single shot diffraction data, to deliver state-selected, e. g., structural-isomer-selected, ensembles of molecules to the x-ray interaction volume, and to strongly align the scattering molecules. Our approach, using ultrashort x-ray pulses, is suitable to study ultrafast dynamics of isolated molecules.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume112
Pages (from-to)083002,1-6
Number of pages6
ISSN0031-9007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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