Who is the Most Stressed During the COVID-19 Pandemic? Data From 26 Countries and Areas

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  • Marta Kowal, University of Wroclaw
  • ,
  • Tao Coll-Martín, University of Granada
  • ,
  • Gözde Ikizer, TOBB University of Economics and Technology
  • ,
  • Jesper Rasmussen
  • Kristina Eichel, Brown University
  • ,
  • Anna Studzińska, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw
  • ,
  • Karolina Koszałkowska, University of Lódz
  • ,
  • Maciej Karwowski, University of Wroclaw
  • ,
  • Arooj Najmussaqib, Bahria University
  • ,
  • Daniel Pankowski, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw, University of Warsaw
  • ,
  • Andreas Lieberoth
  • Oli Ahmed, University of Chittagong

Background: To limit the rapid spread of COVID-19, countries have asked their citizens to stay at home. As a result, demographic and cultural factors related to home life have become especially relevant to predict population well-being during isolation. This pre-registered worldwide study analyses the relationship between the number of adults and children in a household, marital status, age, gender, education level, COVID-19 severity, individualism–collectivism, and perceived stress. Methods: We used the COVIDiSTRESS Global Survey data of 53,524 online participants from 26 countries and areas. The data were collected between 30 March and 6 April 2020. Results: Higher levels of stress were associated with younger age, being a woman, lower level of education, being single, staying with more children, and living in a country or area with a more severe COVID-19 situation. Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic revealed that certain people may be more susceptible to experience elevated levels of stress. Our findings highlight the need for public health to be attentive to both the physical and the psychological well-being of these groups.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Psychology: Health and Well-Being
Volume12
Issue4
Pages (from-to)946-966
Number of pages21
ISSN1758-0846
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

    Research areas

  • COVID-19, cross-cultural, demographic characteristics, quarantine, stress, well-being

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