When Crystals Go Nano – The Role of Advanced X-ray Total Scattering Methods in Nanotechnology

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  • Federica Bertolotti
  • Daniele Moscheni, University of Insubria
  • ,
  • Antonietta Guagliardi, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
  • ,
  • Norberto Masciocchi, University of Insubria

Controlling the stoichiometry, structure, defects, size, and shape of engineered nanomaterials (in the forms of powders, colloids, and thin films) is a fundamental issue in designing new functionalities and providing reproducible and efficient synthetic methods, thus enabling the construction of high-tech devices. Nanosized materials are complex systems; therefore, to meet these goals, advanced physicochemical methods and dedicated and robust characterization tools, bearing a solid statistical value, are required. Here we present frontier techniques based on X-ray total scattering (mainly, but not only, synchrotron-based) and the Debye scattering equation modeling. The method has been developed in the field of crystalline nanomaterials and nanocomposites, from very small colloidal semiconductor quantum dots to halide perovskites, metals, oxides, nanodrugs, and bioceramics, and provides atomic- to nanometer-scale characterization to an unbeatable level. Examples from the recent scientific literature are presented.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Pages (from-to)3789-3803
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Research areas

  • Colloidal quantum dots, Debye scattering equation, Functional nanomaterials, Nanostructures, Solid-state structures, Structure and microstructure, X-ray diffraction, X-ray total scattering methods, SOLAR-CELLS, DEBYE FUNCTION-ANALYSIS, SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS, METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS, SWISS LIGHT-SOURCE, LEAD CHALCOGENIDES, POWDER DIFFRACTION, NANOPARTICLE FORMATION, HALIDE PEROVSKITE NANOCRYSTALS, VIBRATIONAL PROPERTIES

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