What Constitutes a Good Learning Environment in VET?

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Context: The learning environment at vocational schools influences the students' learning, well-being, and drop-out rates. In the paper, we summarize factors that affect the learning environment in vocational education and training programs.

Approach: The factors have been identified in a literature review of international research. The literature includes studies on learning environment from a previous mapping, literature search in the ERIC database and in the journals, ' International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training', 'Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training', and 'ECER VETNET proceedings'. In the study, we have categorized the factors in two main categories: the professional learning environment and social learning environment.

Findings: Concerning the professional learning environment, it is important that the students accomplish authentic vocational tasks and that they are involved actively and responsibly in the learning process. It is important that the teachers ensure systematic and differentiated feedback, have positive expectations for the students' performance and guide the students to set and stick to realistic goals. Concerning the social learning environment, it is important that the teachers establish positive relationships with the students and that the teachers act as authentic role models for the students in and outside the classroom. Furthermore, it is important that the teachers encourage positive relations among the students by creating vocational and social communities, counteracting bullying, and gender discrimination.

Conclusion: The teachers play an important part in the development of the learning environment. Consequently, it requires several competences to be a good VET-teacher, competences that encompass much more than the specific subject and job-related competences. A well-functioning learning environment requires the teachers to have social and personal competences.

Translated title of the contributionHvilke faktorer bidrager til et positivt læringsmiljø i erhvervsuddannelserne
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTrends in vocational education and training research : Proceedings of the European Conference on Educational Research (ECER), Vocational Education and Training Network (VETNET)
EditorsChristof Nägele, Natasha Kersh, Barbara E. Stalder
Number of pages9
Publication date2023
ISBN (Print)979-8854653626
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventECER 2023 -
Duration: 23 Aug 202325 Aug 2023


ConferenceECER 2023

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