Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Welfare of cattle during killing for purposes other than slaughter on-farm killing of cattle

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Welfare of cattle during killing for purposes other than slaughter on-farm killing of cattle. / EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW); Nielsen, Søren Saxmose; Alvarez, Julio; Bicout, Dominique Joseph; Calistri, Paolo; Depner, Klaus; Drewe, Julian Ashley; Garin-Bastuji, Bruno; Rojas, Jose Luis Gonzales; Schmidt, Christian Gortázar; Herskin, Mette S; Michel, Virginie; Chueca, Miguel Ángel Miranda; Roberts, Helen Clare; Sihvonen, Liisa Helena; Spoolder, Hans; Stahl, Karl; Velarde, Antonio; Viltrop, Arvo; Candiani, Denise; Van der Stede, Yves; Winckler, Christoph.

In: EFSA Journal, Vol. 18, No. 11, e06312, 11.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW), Nielsen, SS, Alvarez, J, Bicout, DJ, Calistri, P, Depner, K, Drewe, JA, Garin-Bastuji, B, Rojas, JLG, Schmidt, CG, Herskin, MS, Michel, V, Chueca, MÁM, Roberts, HC, Sihvonen, LH, Spoolder, H, Stahl, K, Velarde, A, Viltrop, A, Candiani, D, Van der Stede, Y & Winckler, C 2020, 'Welfare of cattle during killing for purposes other than slaughter on-farm killing of cattle', EFSA Journal, vol. 18, no. 11, e06312. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6312

APA

EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW), Nielsen, S. S., Alvarez, J., Bicout, D. J., Calistri, P., Depner, K., Drewe, J. A., Garin-Bastuji, B., Rojas, J. L. G., Schmidt, C. G., Herskin, M. S., Michel, V., Chueca, M. Á. M., Roberts, H. C., Sihvonen, L. H., Spoolder, H., Stahl, K., Velarde, A., Viltrop, A., ... Winckler, C. (2020). Welfare of cattle during killing for purposes other than slaughter on-farm killing of cattle. EFSA Journal, 18(11), [e06312]. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6312

CBE

EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW), Nielsen SS, Alvarez J, Bicout DJ, Calistri P, Depner K, Drewe JA, Garin-Bastuji B, Rojas JLG, Schmidt CG, Herskin MS, Michel V, Chueca MÁM, Roberts HC, Sihvonen LH, Spoolder H, Stahl K, Velarde A, Viltrop A, Candiani D, Van der Stede Y, Winckler C. 2020. Welfare of cattle during killing for purposes other than slaughter on-farm killing of cattle. EFSA Journal. 18(11):Article e06312. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6312

MLA

Vancouver

EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW), Nielsen SS, Alvarez J, Bicout DJ, Calistri P, Depner K et al. Welfare of cattle during killing for purposes other than slaughter on-farm killing of cattle. EFSA Journal. 2020 Nov;18(11). e06312. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6312

Author

EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW) ; Nielsen, Søren Saxmose ; Alvarez, Julio ; Bicout, Dominique Joseph ; Calistri, Paolo ; Depner, Klaus ; Drewe, Julian Ashley ; Garin-Bastuji, Bruno ; Rojas, Jose Luis Gonzales ; Schmidt, Christian Gortázar ; Herskin, Mette S ; Michel, Virginie ; Chueca, Miguel Ángel Miranda ; Roberts, Helen Clare ; Sihvonen, Liisa Helena ; Spoolder, Hans ; Stahl, Karl ; Velarde, Antonio ; Viltrop, Arvo ; Candiani, Denise ; Van der Stede, Yves ; Winckler, Christoph. / Welfare of cattle during killing for purposes other than slaughter on-farm killing of cattle. In: EFSA Journal. 2020 ; Vol. 18, No. 11.

Bibtex

@article{ba97421c0b0a4735a31dc639f77e5154,
title = "Welfare of cattle during killing for purposes other than slaughter on-farm killing of cattle",
abstract = "Cattle of different ages may have to be killed on farm for purposes other than slaughter (the latter being defined as killing for human consumption) either individually or on a large scale, e.g. for economic reasons or for disease control. The purpose of this scientific opinion is to assess the risks associated with the on-farm killing of cattle. The processes during on-farm killing that were assessed included handling and moving, stunning and/or killing methods (including restraint). The killing methods were grouped into mechanical and electrical methods as well as lethal injection. In total, 21 hazards compromising animal welfare were identified and characterised, most of these related tostunning and/or killing. Staff was identified as an origin for all hazards, either due to lack of appropriate skills needed to perform tasks or due to fatigue. Possible preventive and corrective measures were assessed: measures to correct hazards were identified for 19 hazards, and the staff was shown to have a crucial role in prevention. Three welfare consequences of hazards to which cattle can be exposed during on-farm killing were identified: impeded movement, pain and fear. The welfare consequences and relevant animal-based measures related to these were described. Outcome tables linking hazards, welfare consequences, animal-based measures, origins of the hazards, preventive and corrective measures were developed for each process. Mitigation measures to minimise the welfare consequences are proposed.",
keywords = "cattle, bison, buffalo, on-farm killing, hazards, animal welfare consequences, animal-based measures, preventive and corrective measures",
author = "{EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW)} and Nielsen, {S{\o}ren Saxmose} and Julio Alvarez and Bicout, {Dominique Joseph} and Paolo Calistri and Klaus Depner and Drewe, {Julian Ashley} and Bruno Garin-Bastuji and Rojas, {Jose Luis Gonzales} and Schmidt, {Christian Gort{\'a}zar} and Herskin, {Mette S} and Virginie Michel and Chueca, {Miguel {\'A}ngel Miranda} and Roberts, {Helen Clare} and Sihvonen, {Liisa Helena} and Hans Spoolder and Karl Stahl and Antonio Velarde and Arvo Viltrop and Denise Candiani and {Van der Stede}, Yves and Christoph Winckler",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
doi = "10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6312",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
journal = "EFSA Journal",
issn = "1831-4732",
publisher = "European Food Safety Authority - efsa",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Welfare of cattle during killing for purposes other than slaughter on-farm killing of cattle

AU - EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW)

AU - Nielsen, Søren Saxmose

AU - Alvarez, Julio

AU - Bicout, Dominique Joseph

AU - Calistri, Paolo

AU - Depner, Klaus

AU - Drewe, Julian Ashley

AU - Garin-Bastuji, Bruno

AU - Rojas, Jose Luis Gonzales

AU - Schmidt, Christian Gortázar

AU - Herskin, Mette S

AU - Michel, Virginie

AU - Chueca, Miguel Ángel Miranda

AU - Roberts, Helen Clare

AU - Sihvonen, Liisa Helena

AU - Spoolder, Hans

AU - Stahl, Karl

AU - Velarde, Antonio

AU - Viltrop, Arvo

AU - Candiani, Denise

AU - Van der Stede, Yves

AU - Winckler, Christoph

PY - 2020/11

Y1 - 2020/11

N2 - Cattle of different ages may have to be killed on farm for purposes other than slaughter (the latter being defined as killing for human consumption) either individually or on a large scale, e.g. for economic reasons or for disease control. The purpose of this scientific opinion is to assess the risks associated with the on-farm killing of cattle. The processes during on-farm killing that were assessed included handling and moving, stunning and/or killing methods (including restraint). The killing methods were grouped into mechanical and electrical methods as well as lethal injection. In total, 21 hazards compromising animal welfare were identified and characterised, most of these related tostunning and/or killing. Staff was identified as an origin for all hazards, either due to lack of appropriate skills needed to perform tasks or due to fatigue. Possible preventive and corrective measures were assessed: measures to correct hazards were identified for 19 hazards, and the staff was shown to have a crucial role in prevention. Three welfare consequences of hazards to which cattle can be exposed during on-farm killing were identified: impeded movement, pain and fear. The welfare consequences and relevant animal-based measures related to these were described. Outcome tables linking hazards, welfare consequences, animal-based measures, origins of the hazards, preventive and corrective measures were developed for each process. Mitigation measures to minimise the welfare consequences are proposed.

AB - Cattle of different ages may have to be killed on farm for purposes other than slaughter (the latter being defined as killing for human consumption) either individually or on a large scale, e.g. for economic reasons or for disease control. The purpose of this scientific opinion is to assess the risks associated with the on-farm killing of cattle. The processes during on-farm killing that were assessed included handling and moving, stunning and/or killing methods (including restraint). The killing methods were grouped into mechanical and electrical methods as well as lethal injection. In total, 21 hazards compromising animal welfare were identified and characterised, most of these related tostunning and/or killing. Staff was identified as an origin for all hazards, either due to lack of appropriate skills needed to perform tasks or due to fatigue. Possible preventive and corrective measures were assessed: measures to correct hazards were identified for 19 hazards, and the staff was shown to have a crucial role in prevention. Three welfare consequences of hazards to which cattle can be exposed during on-farm killing were identified: impeded movement, pain and fear. The welfare consequences and relevant animal-based measures related to these were described. Outcome tables linking hazards, welfare consequences, animal-based measures, origins of the hazards, preventive and corrective measures were developed for each process. Mitigation measures to minimise the welfare consequences are proposed.

KW - cattle

KW - bison

KW - buffalo

KW - on-farm killing

KW - hazards

KW - animal welfare consequences

KW - animal-based measures

KW - preventive and corrective measures

U2 - 10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6312

DO - 10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6312

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33312235

VL - 18

JO - EFSA Journal

JF - EFSA Journal

SN - 1831-4732

IS - 11

M1 - e06312

ER -