War increases religiosity

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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War increases religiosity. / Henrich, Joseph; Bauer, Michal; Cassar, Alessandra; Chytilova, Julie; Purzycki, Benjamin Grant.

In: Nature Human Behavior, Vol. 3, No. 2, 02.2019, p. 129-135.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Henrich, J, Bauer, M, Cassar, A, Chytilova, J & Purzycki, BG 2019, 'War increases religiosity', Nature Human Behavior, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 129-135. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-0512-3

APA

Henrich, J., Bauer, M., Cassar, A., Chytilova, J., & Purzycki, B. G. (2019). War increases religiosity. Nature Human Behavior, 3(2), 129-135. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-0512-3

CBE

Henrich J, Bauer M, Cassar A, Chytilova J, Purzycki BG. 2019. War increases religiosity. Nature Human Behavior. 3(2):129-135. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-0512-3

MLA

Henrich, Joseph et al. "War increases religiosity". Nature Human Behavior. 2019, 3(2). 129-135. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-0512-3

Vancouver

Henrich J, Bauer M, Cassar A, Chytilova J, Purzycki BG. War increases religiosity. Nature Human Behavior. 2019 Feb;3(2):129-135. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-0512-3

Author

Henrich, Joseph ; Bauer, Michal ; Cassar, Alessandra ; Chytilova, Julie ; Purzycki, Benjamin Grant. / War increases religiosity. In: Nature Human Behavior. 2019 ; Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 129-135.

Bibtex

@article{3c9e33ae410f4edea2952de01c2392e3,
title = "War increases religiosity",
abstract = "Does the experience of war increase people's religiosity? Much evidence supports the idea that particular religious beliefs and ritual forms can galvanize social solidarity and motivate in-group cooperation, thus facilitating a wide range of cooperative behaviours including-but not limited to-peaceful resistance and collective aggression. However, little work has focused on whether violent conflict, in turn, might fuel greater religious participation. Here, we analyse survey data from 1,709 individuals in three post-conflict societies-Uganda, Sierra Leone and Tajikistan. The nature of these conflicts allows us to infer, and statistically verify, that individuals were quasirandomly afflicted with different intensities of war experience-thus potentially providing a natural experiment. We then show that those with greater exposure to these wars were more likely to participate in Christian or Muslim religious groups and rituals, even several years after the conflict. The results are robust to a wide range of control variables and statistical checks and hold even when we compare only individuals from the same communities, ethnic groups and religions.",
keywords = "TERROR MANAGEMENT, SUPERNATURAL PUNISHMENT, GROUP COMPETITION, BEHAVIOR, UNCERTAINTY, VIOLENCE, BELIEF, INTERGROUP, CONFLICT, DISPLAYS",
author = "Joseph Henrich and Michal Bauer and Alessandra Cassar and Julie Chytilova and Purzycki, {Benjamin Grant}",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1038/s41562-018-0512-3",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "129--135",
journal = "Nature Human Behavior",
issn = "2397-3374",
publisher = "Springer Nature",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - War increases religiosity

AU - Henrich, Joseph

AU - Bauer, Michal

AU - Cassar, Alessandra

AU - Chytilova, Julie

AU - Purzycki, Benjamin Grant

PY - 2019/2

Y1 - 2019/2

N2 - Does the experience of war increase people's religiosity? Much evidence supports the idea that particular religious beliefs and ritual forms can galvanize social solidarity and motivate in-group cooperation, thus facilitating a wide range of cooperative behaviours including-but not limited to-peaceful resistance and collective aggression. However, little work has focused on whether violent conflict, in turn, might fuel greater religious participation. Here, we analyse survey data from 1,709 individuals in three post-conflict societies-Uganda, Sierra Leone and Tajikistan. The nature of these conflicts allows us to infer, and statistically verify, that individuals were quasirandomly afflicted with different intensities of war experience-thus potentially providing a natural experiment. We then show that those with greater exposure to these wars were more likely to participate in Christian or Muslim religious groups and rituals, even several years after the conflict. The results are robust to a wide range of control variables and statistical checks and hold even when we compare only individuals from the same communities, ethnic groups and religions.

AB - Does the experience of war increase people's religiosity? Much evidence supports the idea that particular religious beliefs and ritual forms can galvanize social solidarity and motivate in-group cooperation, thus facilitating a wide range of cooperative behaviours including-but not limited to-peaceful resistance and collective aggression. However, little work has focused on whether violent conflict, in turn, might fuel greater religious participation. Here, we analyse survey data from 1,709 individuals in three post-conflict societies-Uganda, Sierra Leone and Tajikistan. The nature of these conflicts allows us to infer, and statistically verify, that individuals were quasirandomly afflicted with different intensities of war experience-thus potentially providing a natural experiment. We then show that those with greater exposure to these wars were more likely to participate in Christian or Muslim religious groups and rituals, even several years after the conflict. The results are robust to a wide range of control variables and statistical checks and hold even when we compare only individuals from the same communities, ethnic groups and religions.

KW - TERROR MANAGEMENT

KW - SUPERNATURAL PUNISHMENT

KW - GROUP COMPETITION

KW - BEHAVIOR

KW - UNCERTAINTY

KW - VIOLENCE

KW - BELIEF

KW - INTERGROUP

KW - CONFLICT

KW - DISPLAYS

U2 - 10.1038/s41562-018-0512-3

DO - 10.1038/s41562-018-0512-3

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30944450

VL - 3

SP - 129

EP - 135

JO - Nature Human Behavior

JF - Nature Human Behavior

SN - 2397-3374

IS - 2

ER -