Variations in the biomolecular composition and revenue explained by interactions between extrinsic factors and endogenous rhythms of Saccharina latissima

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Saccharina latissima, a brown algae native to North Atlantic and North Pacific, has received increasing attention recently for its potential for high-yield biomass production and rich content of valuable biomolecules. Extracts of alginate, mannitol, fucoidans, laminarin, proteins, and lipids are among the top value-added algal products possessing the potential to improve the net profitability of seaweed bioeconomic businesses.

This review provides a systematic overview of the spatial and temporal variations in the content of biomolecular constituents of S. latissima on the basis of 34 currently available scientific studies containing primary measurements. We demonstrate the potential revenue of seaweed production and biorefinery systems by compiling a product portfolio of high-value extract products and assuming that S. latissima biomass is processed in a phase I biorefinery (i.e., producing one type of extract product at a time). Further, an investigation into the endogenous rhythms and extrinsic factors that impact the biomolecular composition of S. latissima is presented, and key performance factors for optimizing seaweed production are identified. Besides the provisioning ecosystem service, we highlight the contribution of green-engineered seaweed production systems to the mitigation of the ongoing and historical anthropogenic disturbances of the climate balance and nutrient flows. We conclude that there are risks of mismanagement, and we stress the importance and necessity of creating an adaptive ecosystem-based management framework within a triple-helix partnership for balancing the utilization of ecosystem services and long-term resilience of aquatic environment.
Original languageEnglish
Publication year29 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 29 Apr 2019
Event23rd International Seaweed Symposium - Jeju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 28 Apr 20193 May 2019
https://iss2019.org/

Conference

Conference23rd International Seaweed Symposium
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju
Period28/04/201903/05/2019
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