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Utilizing the towed Transient ElectroMagnetic method (tTEM) for achieving unprecedented near-surface detail in geological mapping

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  • Peter B.E. Sandersen, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland
  • ,
  • Anders J. Kallesøe, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland
  • ,
  • Ingelise Møller, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland
  • ,
  • Anne Sophie Høyer, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland
  • ,
  • Flemming Jørgensen, Central Denmark Region
  • ,
  • Jesper B. Pedersen
  • Anders V. Christiansen

The subsurface in areas affected by the Pleistocene glaciations often reveal very complex architectures and because of this, the near-surface geology is generally difficult to map and model in high detail. A number of geophysical methods focus on the uppermost part of the subsurface and are capable of mapping details, but no single method has hitherto been able to provide the detail, the data density and the resolution required to map the near-surface Quaternary geology in 3D. Driven by the demands for high detail in the uppermost parts of the subsurface related to for instance surface water and groundwater vulnerability assessments and climate-change related projects, a new high-resolution electromagnetic survey method, tTEM, has been developed. We present examples and discuss the method and its applicability in four study areas where data from tTEM surveys has been combined with geological data and knowledge to map near-surface geological features that could not be resolved in 3D using other geophysical methods focusing on the deeper subsurface or methods with a wider data spacing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106125
JournalEngineering Geology
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Geological detail, Geological models, Groundwater mapping, Groundwater vulnerability, Near-surface geophysics, tTEM

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