Utilizing RNA origami scaffolds in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for dCas9-mediated transcriptional control

Georgios Pothoulakis, Michael T A Nguyen, Ebbe S Andersen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Designer RNA scaffolds constitute a promising tool for synthetic biology, as they can be genetically expressed to perform specific functions in vivo such as scaffolding enzymatic cascades and regulating gene expression through CRISPR-dCas9 applications. RNA origami is a recently developed RNA design approach that allows construction of large RNA nanostructures that can position aptamer motifs to spatially organize other molecules, including proteins. However, it is still not fully understood how positioning multiple aptamers on a scaffold and the orientation of a scaffold affects functional properties. Here, we investigate fusions of single-guide RNAs and RNA origami scaffolds (termed sgRNAO) capable of recruiting activating domains for control of gene expression in yeast. Using MS2 and PP7 as orthogonal protein-binding aptamers, we observe a gradual increase in transcriptional activation for up to four aptamers. We demonstrate that different aptamer positions on a scaffold and scaffold orientation affect transcriptional activation. Finally, sgRNAOs are used to regulate expression of enzymes of the violacein biosynthesis pathway to control metabolic flux. The integration of RNA origami nanostructures at promoter sites achieved here, can in the future be expanded by the addition of functional motifs such as riboswitches, ribozymes and sensor elements to allow for complex gene regulation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume50
Issue12
Pages (from-to)7176-7187
Number of pages12
ISSN0305-1048
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • COMPLEX
  • CONDITIONAL GUIDE RNAS
  • CRISPR
  • GENE NETWORKS
  • IN-VIVO
  • INCREASES
  • OPTIMIZATION
  • TOOLKIT
  • YEAST

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