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Trigeminal nociceptive function and oral somatosensory functional and structural assessment in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy

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Trigeminal nociceptive function and oral somatosensory functional and structural assessment in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. / Costa, Y. M.; Karlsson, P.; Bonjardim, L. R.; Conti, P. C.R.; Tankisi, H.; Jensen, T. S.; Nyengaard, J. R.; Svensson, P.; Baad-Hansen, L.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 9, 169, 01.2019.

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@article{19b763fb6c9e4f879133d5ebdfeda5cc,
title = "Trigeminal nociceptive function and oral somatosensory functional and structural assessment in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy",
abstract = " This case-control study primarily compared the trigeminal nociceptive function, the intraoral somatosensory profile and possible structural nerve changes between diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN, n = 12) patients and healthy participants (n = 12). The nociceptive blink reflex (nBR) was recorded applying an electrical stimulation over the entry zone of the right supraorbital (V1R), infraorbital (V2R) and mental (V3R) and left infraorbital (V2L) nerves. The outcomes were: individual electrical sensory (I 0 ) and pain thresholds (I P ); root mean square (RMS), area-under-the-curve (AUC) and onset latencies of R2 component of the nBR. Furthermore, a standardized full battery of quantitative sensory testing (QST) and intraepidermal nerve fibre density (IENFD) or nerve fibre length density (NFLD) assessment were performed, respectively, on the distal leg and oral mucosa. As expected, all patients had altered somatosensory sensitivity and lower IENFD in the lower limb. DPN patients presented higher I 0 , I P , RMS and AUC values (p < 0.050), lower warm detection thresholds (WDT) (p = 0.004), higher occurrence of paradoxical heat sensation (PHS) (p = 0.040), and a lower intraoral NFLD (p = 0.048) than the healthy participants. In addition, the presence of any abnormal intraoral somatosensory finding was more frequent in the DPN patients when compared to the reference group (p = 0.013). Early signs of trigeminal nociceptive facilitation, intraoral somatosensory abnormalities and loss of intraoral neuronal tissue can be detected in DPN patients. ",
keywords = "ABNORMALITIES, ATYPICAL ODONTALGIA, BLINK REFLEX, CONDUCTION, DIAGNOSIS, MANAGEMENT, MELLITUS, NERVE-FIBER DENSITY, OROFACIAL PAIN, RELIABILITY",
author = "Costa, {Y. M.} and P. Karlsson and Bonjardim, {L. R.} and Conti, {P. C.R.} and H. Tankisi and Jensen, {T. S.} and Nyengaard, {J. R.} and P. Svensson and L. Baad-Hansen",
year = "2019",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1038/s41598-018-37041-4",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trigeminal nociceptive function and oral somatosensory functional and structural assessment in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy

AU - Costa, Y. M.

AU - Karlsson, P.

AU - Bonjardim, L. R.

AU - Conti, P. C.R.

AU - Tankisi, H.

AU - Jensen, T. S.

AU - Nyengaard, J. R.

AU - Svensson, P.

AU - Baad-Hansen, L.

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - This case-control study primarily compared the trigeminal nociceptive function, the intraoral somatosensory profile and possible structural nerve changes between diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN, n = 12) patients and healthy participants (n = 12). The nociceptive blink reflex (nBR) was recorded applying an electrical stimulation over the entry zone of the right supraorbital (V1R), infraorbital (V2R) and mental (V3R) and left infraorbital (V2L) nerves. The outcomes were: individual electrical sensory (I 0 ) and pain thresholds (I P ); root mean square (RMS), area-under-the-curve (AUC) and onset latencies of R2 component of the nBR. Furthermore, a standardized full battery of quantitative sensory testing (QST) and intraepidermal nerve fibre density (IENFD) or nerve fibre length density (NFLD) assessment were performed, respectively, on the distal leg and oral mucosa. As expected, all patients had altered somatosensory sensitivity and lower IENFD in the lower limb. DPN patients presented higher I 0 , I P , RMS and AUC values (p < 0.050), lower warm detection thresholds (WDT) (p = 0.004), higher occurrence of paradoxical heat sensation (PHS) (p = 0.040), and a lower intraoral NFLD (p = 0.048) than the healthy participants. In addition, the presence of any abnormal intraoral somatosensory finding was more frequent in the DPN patients when compared to the reference group (p = 0.013). Early signs of trigeminal nociceptive facilitation, intraoral somatosensory abnormalities and loss of intraoral neuronal tissue can be detected in DPN patients.

AB - This case-control study primarily compared the trigeminal nociceptive function, the intraoral somatosensory profile and possible structural nerve changes between diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN, n = 12) patients and healthy participants (n = 12). The nociceptive blink reflex (nBR) was recorded applying an electrical stimulation over the entry zone of the right supraorbital (V1R), infraorbital (V2R) and mental (V3R) and left infraorbital (V2L) nerves. The outcomes were: individual electrical sensory (I 0 ) and pain thresholds (I P ); root mean square (RMS), area-under-the-curve (AUC) and onset latencies of R2 component of the nBR. Furthermore, a standardized full battery of quantitative sensory testing (QST) and intraepidermal nerve fibre density (IENFD) or nerve fibre length density (NFLD) assessment were performed, respectively, on the distal leg and oral mucosa. As expected, all patients had altered somatosensory sensitivity and lower IENFD in the lower limb. DPN patients presented higher I 0 , I P , RMS and AUC values (p < 0.050), lower warm detection thresholds (WDT) (p = 0.004), higher occurrence of paradoxical heat sensation (PHS) (p = 0.040), and a lower intraoral NFLD (p = 0.048) than the healthy participants. In addition, the presence of any abnormal intraoral somatosensory finding was more frequent in the DPN patients when compared to the reference group (p = 0.013). Early signs of trigeminal nociceptive facilitation, intraoral somatosensory abnormalities and loss of intraoral neuronal tissue can be detected in DPN patients.

KW - ABNORMALITIES

KW - ATYPICAL ODONTALGIA

KW - BLINK REFLEX

KW - CONDUCTION

KW - DIAGNOSIS

KW - MANAGEMENT

KW - MELLITUS

KW - NERVE-FIBER DENSITY

KW - OROFACIAL PAIN

KW - RELIABILITY

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060183041&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-018-37041-4

DO - 10.1038/s41598-018-37041-4

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30655584

AN - SCOPUS:85060183041

VL - 9

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

M1 - 169

ER -