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Trauma facilities in Denmark: a nationwide cross-sectional benchmark study of facilities and trauma care organisation

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  • Jesper Weile
  • Klaus Nielsen, University of Copenhagen
  • ,
  • Stine C Primdahl, Department of Emergency Medicine, Regional Hospital West Jutland, Herning - Denmark.
  • ,
  • Christian Alcaraz Frederiksen
  • Christian Borbjerg Laursen, University of Southern Denmark
  • ,
  • Erik Sloth, University of Cape Town
  • ,
  • Ole Mølgaard
  • ,
  • Lars Knudsen
  • ,
  • Hans Kirkegaard

Background: Trauma is a leading cause of death among adults aged <44 years, and optimal care is a challenge. Evidence supports the centralization of trauma facilities and the use multidisciplinary trauma teams. Because knowledge is sparse on the existing distribution of trauma facilities and the organisation of trauma care in Denmark, the aim of this study was to identify all Danish facilities that care for traumatized patients and to investigate the diversity in organization of trauma management. Methods: We conducted a systematic observational cross-sectional study. First, all hospitals in Denmark were identified via online services and clarifying phone calls to each facility. Second, all trauma care manuals on all facilities that receive traumatized patients were gathered. Third, anesthesiologists and orthopedic surgeons on call at all trauma facilities were contacted via telephone for structured interviews. Results: A total of 22 facilities in Denmark were found to receive traumatized patients. All facilities used a trauma care manual and all had a multidisciplinary trauma team. The study found three different trauma team activation criteria and nine different compositions of teams who participate in trauma care. Training was heterogeneous and, beyond the major trauma centers, databases were only maintained in a few facilities. Conclusion: The study established an inventory of the existing Danish facilities that receive traumatized patients. The trauma team activation criteria and the trauma teams were heterogeneous in both size and composition. A national database for traumatized patients, research on nationwide trauma team activation criteria, and team composition guidelines are all called for.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22
JournalScandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2018

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