Tolerance management domain model for semantic enrichment of BIMs

Christopher Rausch*, Saeed Talebi, Mani Poshdar, Beidi Li, Carl Schultz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Dimensional variability of components and assemblies in construction can lead to significant defects, rework, and project risk if not managed effectively. Given the complexity of using tolerance management to control dimensional variability, an automated BIM-based approach is highly propitious, while currently elusive. This paper develops the first iteration of a domain model for tolerance management (ToleranceDM) using two case study examples within the domain of building construction. The results are shown to (1) consolidate the scattered, disparate existing “knowledge” and research on tolerance management into a single standardised, uniform framework, and (2) formalise this knowledge so that it can be unambiguously interpreted and parsed into software systems for automated tolerance management in construction. ToleranceDM functions as a key step towards benchmarking process capabilities, computing tolerance compliance automatically, and enabling in-field communication of tolerance requirements. Future research should explore case studies in different construction domains, along with developing an improved abduction framework and integrating as-built project data for tolerance compliance checking.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104394
JournalAutomation in Construction
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • Building information model
  • Dependency structure matrix
  • Domain model
  • Risk management
  • Tolerance analysis
  • Tolerance management


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