Time-dependent regulation of hepatic cytochrome P450 mRNA in male liver-specific PGC-1α knockout mice

Ulrik Kræmer Sundekilde, Caroline Maag Kristensen, Mette Algot Olsen, Henriette Pilegaard, Martin Krøyer Rasmussen*

*Corresponding author for this work

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The circadian rhythm has profound effect on the body, exerting effects on diverse events like sleep-wake patterns, eating behavior and hepatic detoxification. The cytochrome p450 s (Cyps) is the main group of enzymes responsible for detoxification. However, the underlying mechanisms behind circadian regulation of the Cyps are currently not fully clarified. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the requirement of hepatic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) for the circadian regulation of the hepatic expression of Cyp1−4 using liver-specific PGC-1α knockout (LKO) mice and littermate controls. The circadian regulator genes Bmal1 and Clock displayed decreased mRNA content at zeitgeber time (ZT) 12, compared to ZT-2 and the mRNA content of Cyp2a4 and Cyp2e1 was higher at ZT-12 than at ZT-2. Moreover, the increase in Cyp2e1 mRNA content was not observed in the PGC-1α LKO mice and hepatic PGC-1α deficiency tended to blunt the rhythmic expression of Clock and Bmal1. However, no circadian regulation was evident at the protein level for the investigated Cyps except for a change in Cyp2e1 protein content in the LKO mice. Of the measured transcription factors, only, the mRNA content of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α, showed rhythmic expression. To further analyze the difference between the control and LKO mice, principal component analysis were executed on the mRNA data. This demonstrated a clear separation of the experimental groups with respect to ZT and genotype. Our finding provides novel insight into the role of hepatic PGC-1α for basic and circadian expression of Cyps in mouse liver. This is important for our understanding of the molecular events behind circadian Cyp regulation and hence circadian regulation of hepatic detoxification capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number153121
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Circadian rhythm
  • Cytochrome P450
  • Gene expression
  • Liver
  • Transcription


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