Tibial bone and soft-tissue concentrations following combination therapy with vancomycin and meropenem – evaluated by microdialysis in a porcine model: should patients with open fractures have higher doses of antibiotics?

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Aims Prompt and sufficient broad-spectrum empirical antibiotic treatment is key to preventing infection following open tibial fractures. Succeeding co-administration, we dynamically assessed the time for which vancomycin and meropenem concentrations were above relevant epidemiological cut-off (ECOFF) minimal inhibitory concentrations (T > MIC) in tibial compartments for the bacteria most frequently encountered in open fractures. Low and high MIC targets were applied: 1 and 4 µg/ml for vancomycin, and 0.125 and 2 µg/ml for meropenem. Methods Eight pigs received a single dose of 1,000 mg vancomycin and 1,000 mg meropenem simultaneously over 100 minutes and 10 minutes, respectively. Microdialysis catheters were placed for sampling over eight hours in tibial cancellous bone, cortical bone, and adjacent subcutaneous adipose tissue. Venous blood samples were collected as references. Results Across the targeted ECOFF values, vancomycin displayed longer T > MIC in all the investigated compartments in comparison to meropenem. For both drugs, cortical bone exhibited the shortest T > MIC. For the low MIC targets and across compartments, mean T > MIC ranged between 208 and 449 minutes (46% to 100%) for vancomycin and between 189 and 406 minutes (42% to 90%) for meropenem. For the high MIC targets, mean T > MIC ranged between 30 and 446 minutes (7% to 99%) for vancomycin and between 45 and 181 minutes (10% to 40%) for meropenem. Conclusion The differences in the T > MIC between the low and high targets illustrate how the interpretation of these results is highly susceptible to the defined MIC target. To encompass any trauma, contamination, or individual tissue differences, a more aggressive dosing approach may be considered to achieve longer T > MIC in all the exposed tissues, and thereby lower the risk of acquiring an infection after open tibial fractures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBone and Joint Research
Volume11
Issue2
Pages (from-to)112-120
Number of pages9
ISSN2046-3758
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

    Research areas

  • Antibiotic prophylaxis, Meropenem, Microdialysis, Open fracture, Vancomycin, CORTICAL BONE, MANAGEMENT, PREVENTION, MICROBIOLOGY, N, Jorgensen, PROSPECTIVE COHORT, P, IMPACT, PHARMACOKINETICS, INFECTION, COMPLICATIONS, ILL PATIENTS

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