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Thrombocytopenia with acute ischemic stroke and bleeding in a patient newly vaccinated with an adenoviral vector-based COVID-19 vaccine

Research output: Working paperResearch

We describe the first Danish case of presumed inflammatory and thrombotic response to vaccination with an adenoviral (ChAdOx1) vector based COVID-19 vaccine (AZD1222). The case describes a 60-year old woman, who was admitted with intractable abdominal pain seven days after receiving the vaccine. Computer Tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed bilateral adrenal hemorrhages. On the following day she developed a massive right sided ischemic stroke and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) angiography showed occlusion of the right internal carotid artery. The ischemic area was deemed too large to offer reperfusion therapy. During admission, blood tests showed a remarkable drop in platelet counts from 118,000 to 5,000 per µL and a substantial increase in D-dimer. The patient died on the 6th day of hospitalization. Blood test revealed platelet factor 4 (PF-4) reactive antibodies, imitating what is seen in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. This may be a novel immune mediated response to the vaccine.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherResearchsquare
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2021

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