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Theranostic poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticle for magnetic resonance/infrared fluorescence bimodal imaging and efficient siRNA delivery to macrophages and its evaluation in a kidney injury model

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In this work, a theranostic nanoparticle was developed for multimodal imaging and siRNA delivery. The core of the nanoparticles (NP) was formed by encapsulation of superparamagnetic iron oxides and indocyanine green in a PLGA matrix to serve as a multimodal probe for near-infrared (NIFR) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The surface of the particle was coated with polyethylenimine (PEI) for siRNA delivery. Macrophages efficiently took up the nanoparticles and emitted strong NIFR and MR contrast. When transfected with siRNA targeting the pro-inflammatory enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), significant down-regulation of COX-2 was achieved in activated macrophages. Furthermore, after injection into a unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced kidney injury model, NIFR and MRI imaging revealed accumulation of nanoparticles in the injury kidney. In addition, in vivo silencing of COX-2 was achieved by NP/PEI/siCOX-2, which further attenuated kidney injury. Our theranostic platform represents a promising approach for simultaneous diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory diseases.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine
Pages (from-to)2451–2462
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

    Research areas

  • Indocyanine green, Iron oxides, PLGA, Theranostics, siRNA delivery

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