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The Use of Weaver Ants in the Management of Fruit Flies in Africa

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  • Jean-François Vayssières, CIRAD, UPR HortSys, 34398 Montpellier, France; IITA, Biocontrol Unit for Africa, 08 BP 0932, Cotonou, République du Bénin, France
  • Hans Joachim Offenberg
  • Antonio Sinzogan, Université d’Abomey Calavi, Benin
  • Appolinaire Adondonon, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey Calavi, BP 526 Cotonou, République du Bénin., Benin
  • Rosine Wargui, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey Calavi, BP 526 Cotonou, République du Bénin., Benin
  • Florence Anato, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey Calavi, BP 526 Cotonou, République du Bénin., Benin
  • Hermance Houngbo, Benin
  • Issa Ouagoussounon, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey Calavi, Benin
  • Lamine Diame, Senegal
  • Serge Quilici
  • ,
  • Jean-Yves Rey, France
  • Georg Georgen, Benin
  • Marc De Meyer, Belgium
  • Paul Van Mele, Belgium
Generalist predators such as the weaver ant, Oecophylla longinoda
(Latreille), play an important role as biological control agents in West African orchards and, by extension, also in forest and savanna ecosystems within sub-Saharan Africa. These weaver ants are one of the most effective and effi cient predators of arthropods in perennial tropical tree crops; their presence also acts as a deterrent to insect herbivores, particularly tephritid female fruit fl ies, due to the semiochemicals they produce. Emerging African markets for organic and sustainably- managed fruits and nuts have encouraged an interest in the use of weaver ants. Protection of tropical forests and savannas is ecologically and environmentally crucial and also essential for the protection of O. longinoda.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFruit Fly Research and Development in Africa : Towards a Sustainable Management Strategy to Improve Horticulture
EditorsSunday Ekesi, Samira Mohamed, Marc De Meyer
Number of pages46
Place of publicationSwitzerland
PublisherSpringer
Publication year2016
Pages389-434
Chapter18
ISBN (print)978-3-319-43224-3
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-43226-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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