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The use of lithic raw materials at the Early Mesolithic open-air site Feuersteinacker (Vogelsbergkreis, Germany)

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The open-air site Feuersteinacker near Stumpertenrod has yielded one of the largest lithic assemblages in Central Germany. It repeatedly served as a workshop for the production of stone tools during an early phase of the Mesolithic. The range of lithic raw materials is extremely diverse, but until today, there is only a limited number of archaeological studies on the occurrence of lithic resources in the area. The following study presents the first in-depth investigation of the use of different rock types by Mesolithic hunter?fisher?gatherers at the site. Provenance analyses using petrographic methods permit raw materials to be assigned to a specific source and provide new insights into their formation. Furthermore, this study explores the way in which the materials were processed throughout the reduction sequence. A comparison of topographic parameters suggests that the location was situated on an important transit route during prehistoric times. The presented results contribute to a better understanding of mobility patterns and subsistence strategies of Early Mesolithic groups in Central Germany.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGeoarchaeology
Volume36
Issue2
Pages (from-to)252-265
Number of pages14
ISSN0883-6353
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

    Research areas

  • early Mesolithic, lithic raw materials, mobility, petrography, provenance analysis, subsistence

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