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The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum

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The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum. / Larsen, Nicolaj Krog; Kjaer, Kurt H.; Lecavalier, Benoit; Bjork, Anders A.; Colding, Sune; Huybrechts, Philippe; Jakobsen, Karina E.; Kjeldsen, Kristian K.; Knudsen, Karen-Luise; Odgaard, Bent V.; Olsen, Jesper.

In: Geology, Vol. 43, No. 4, 04.2015, p. 291-294.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Larsen, NK, Kjaer, KH, Lecavalier, B, Bjork, AA, Colding, S, Huybrechts, P, Jakobsen, KE, Kjeldsen, KK, Knudsen, K-L, Odgaard, BV & Olsen, J 2015, 'The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum', Geology, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 291-294. https://doi.org/10.1130/G36476.1

APA

Larsen, N. K., Kjaer, K. H., Lecavalier, B., Bjork, A. A., Colding, S., Huybrechts, P., Jakobsen, K. E., Kjeldsen, K. K., Knudsen, K-L., Odgaard, B. V., & Olsen, J. (2015). The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum. Geology, 43(4), 291-294. https://doi.org/10.1130/G36476.1

CBE

Larsen NK, Kjaer KH, Lecavalier B, Bjork AA, Colding S, Huybrechts P, Jakobsen KE, Kjeldsen KK, Knudsen K-L, Odgaard BV, Olsen J. 2015. The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum. Geology. 43(4):291-294. https://doi.org/10.1130/G36476.1

MLA

Vancouver

Larsen NK, Kjaer KH, Lecavalier B, Bjork AA, Colding S, Huybrechts P et al. The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum. Geology. 2015 Apr;43(4):291-294. https://doi.org/10.1130/G36476.1

Author

Larsen, Nicolaj Krog ; Kjaer, Kurt H. ; Lecavalier, Benoit ; Bjork, Anders A. ; Colding, Sune ; Huybrechts, Philippe ; Jakobsen, Karina E. ; Kjeldsen, Kristian K. ; Knudsen, Karen-Luise ; Odgaard, Bent V. ; Olsen, Jesper. / The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum. In: Geology. 2015 ; Vol. 43, No. 4. pp. 291-294.

Bibtex

@article{9ce0ed143f7142bdb5d851b275abde54,
title = "The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum",
abstract = "To determine the long-term sensitivity of the Greenland ice sheet to a warmer climate, we explored how it responded to the Holocene thermal maximum (8-5 cal. kyr B.P.; calibrated to calendar years before present, i.e., A.D. 1950), when lake records show that local atmospheric temperatures in Greenland were 2-4 degrees C warmer than the present. Records from five new threshold lakes complemented with existing geological data from south of 70 degrees N show that the ice margin was retracted behind its present-day extent in all sectors for a limited period between ca. 7 and 4 cal. kyr B.P. and in most sectors from ca. 1.5 to 1 cal. kyr B.P., in response to higher atmospheric and ocean temperatures. Ice sheet simulations constrained by observations show good correlation with the timing of minimum ice volume indicated by the threshold lake observations; the simulated volume reduction suggests a minimum contribution of 0.16 m sea-level equivalent from the entire Greenland ice sheet, with a centennial ice loss rate of as much as 100 Gt/yr for several millennia during the Holocene thermal maximum. Our results provide an estimate of the long-term rates of volume loss that can be expected in the future as regional air and ocean temperatures approach those reconstructed for the Holocene thermal maximum.",
keywords = "CENTRAL WEST GREENLAND, CLIMATE VARIATIONS, EAST GREENLAND, LAKE-SEDIMENTS, SEA-LEVEL, RETREAT, BE-10, HISTORY, EXTENT, VARIABILITY",
author = "Larsen, {Nicolaj Krog} and Kjaer, {Kurt H.} and Benoit Lecavalier and Bjork, {Anders A.} and Sune Colding and Philippe Huybrechts and Jakobsen, {Karina E.} and Kjeldsen, {Kristian K.} and Karen-Luise Knudsen and Odgaard, {Bent V.} and Jesper Olsen",
year = "2015",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1130/G36476.1",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "291--294",
journal = "Geology",
issn = "0091-7613",
publisher = "GeoScienceWorld",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum

AU - Larsen, Nicolaj Krog

AU - Kjaer, Kurt H.

AU - Lecavalier, Benoit

AU - Bjork, Anders A.

AU - Colding, Sune

AU - Huybrechts, Philippe

AU - Jakobsen, Karina E.

AU - Kjeldsen, Kristian K.

AU - Knudsen, Karen-Luise

AU - Odgaard, Bent V.

AU - Olsen, Jesper

PY - 2015/4

Y1 - 2015/4

N2 - To determine the long-term sensitivity of the Greenland ice sheet to a warmer climate, we explored how it responded to the Holocene thermal maximum (8-5 cal. kyr B.P.; calibrated to calendar years before present, i.e., A.D. 1950), when lake records show that local atmospheric temperatures in Greenland were 2-4 degrees C warmer than the present. Records from five new threshold lakes complemented with existing geological data from south of 70 degrees N show that the ice margin was retracted behind its present-day extent in all sectors for a limited period between ca. 7 and 4 cal. kyr B.P. and in most sectors from ca. 1.5 to 1 cal. kyr B.P., in response to higher atmospheric and ocean temperatures. Ice sheet simulations constrained by observations show good correlation with the timing of minimum ice volume indicated by the threshold lake observations; the simulated volume reduction suggests a minimum contribution of 0.16 m sea-level equivalent from the entire Greenland ice sheet, with a centennial ice loss rate of as much as 100 Gt/yr for several millennia during the Holocene thermal maximum. Our results provide an estimate of the long-term rates of volume loss that can be expected in the future as regional air and ocean temperatures approach those reconstructed for the Holocene thermal maximum.

AB - To determine the long-term sensitivity of the Greenland ice sheet to a warmer climate, we explored how it responded to the Holocene thermal maximum (8-5 cal. kyr B.P.; calibrated to calendar years before present, i.e., A.D. 1950), when lake records show that local atmospheric temperatures in Greenland were 2-4 degrees C warmer than the present. Records from five new threshold lakes complemented with existing geological data from south of 70 degrees N show that the ice margin was retracted behind its present-day extent in all sectors for a limited period between ca. 7 and 4 cal. kyr B.P. and in most sectors from ca. 1.5 to 1 cal. kyr B.P., in response to higher atmospheric and ocean temperatures. Ice sheet simulations constrained by observations show good correlation with the timing of minimum ice volume indicated by the threshold lake observations; the simulated volume reduction suggests a minimum contribution of 0.16 m sea-level equivalent from the entire Greenland ice sheet, with a centennial ice loss rate of as much as 100 Gt/yr for several millennia during the Holocene thermal maximum. Our results provide an estimate of the long-term rates of volume loss that can be expected in the future as regional air and ocean temperatures approach those reconstructed for the Holocene thermal maximum.

KW - CENTRAL WEST GREENLAND

KW - CLIMATE VARIATIONS

KW - EAST GREENLAND

KW - LAKE-SEDIMENTS

KW - SEA-LEVEL

KW - RETREAT

KW - BE-10

KW - HISTORY

KW - EXTENT

KW - VARIABILITY

U2 - 10.1130/G36476.1

DO - 10.1130/G36476.1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 43

SP - 291

EP - 294

JO - Geology

JF - Geology

SN - 0091-7613

IS - 4

ER -