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The regional species richness and genetic diversity of Arctic vegetation reflect both past glaciations and current climate

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The regional species richness and genetic diversity of Arctic vegetation reflect both past glaciations and current climate. / Stewart, L.; Alsos, Inger G.; Bay, Christian; Breen, Amy L.; Brochmann, Christian; Boulanger-Lapointe, Noémie; Broennimann, Olivier; Bültmann, Helga; Bøcher, Peder Klith; Damgaard, Christian; Daniëls, Fred J.A.; Ehrich, Dorothee; Eidesen, Pernille Bronken; Guisan, Antoine; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg Svala; Lenoir, Jonathan; le Roux, Peter C.; Lévesque, Esther; Luoto, Miska; Nabe-Nielsen, Jacob; Schönswetter, Peter; Tribsch, Andreas; Tveraabak, Liv Unn; Virtanen, Risto; Walker, Donald A.; Westergaard, Kristine B.; Yoccoz, Nigel G.; Svenning, Jens Christian; Wisz, Mary; Schmidt, Niels Martin; Pellissier, Loïc.

In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 25, No. 4, 2016, p. 430-442.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Stewart, L, Alsos, IG, Bay, C, Breen, AL, Brochmann, C, Boulanger-Lapointe, N, Broennimann, O, Bültmann, H, Bøcher, PK, Damgaard, C, Daniëls, FJA, Ehrich, D, Eidesen, PB, Guisan, A, Jónsdóttir, IS, Lenoir, J, le Roux, PC, Lévesque, E, Luoto, M, Nabe-Nielsen, J, Schönswetter, P, Tribsch, A, Tveraabak, LU, Virtanen, R, Walker, DA, Westergaard, KB, Yoccoz, NG, Svenning, JC, Wisz, M, Schmidt, NM & Pellissier, L 2016, 'The regional species richness and genetic diversity of Arctic vegetation reflect both past glaciations and current climate', Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 430-442. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12424

APA

Stewart, L., Alsos, I. G., Bay, C., Breen, A. L., Brochmann, C., Boulanger-Lapointe, N., Broennimann, O., Bültmann, H., Bøcher, P. K., Damgaard, C., Daniëls, F. J. A., Ehrich, D., Eidesen, P. B., Guisan, A., Jónsdóttir, I. S., Lenoir, J., le Roux, P. C., Lévesque, E., Luoto, M., ... Pellissier, L. (2016). The regional species richness and genetic diversity of Arctic vegetation reflect both past glaciations and current climate. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 25(4), 430-442. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12424

CBE

Stewart L, Alsos IG, Bay C, Breen AL, Brochmann C, Boulanger-Lapointe N, Broennimann O, Bültmann H, Bøcher PK, Damgaard C, Daniëls FJA, Ehrich D, Eidesen PB, Guisan A, Jónsdóttir IS, Lenoir J, le Roux PC, Lévesque E, Luoto M, Nabe-Nielsen J, Schönswetter P, Tribsch A, Tveraabak LU, Virtanen R, Walker DA, Westergaard KB, Yoccoz NG, Svenning JC, Wisz M, Schmidt NM, Pellissier L. 2016. The regional species richness and genetic diversity of Arctic vegetation reflect both past glaciations and current climate. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 25(4):430-442. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12424

MLA

Vancouver

Stewart L, Alsos IG, Bay C, Breen AL, Brochmann C, Boulanger-Lapointe N et al. The regional species richness and genetic diversity of Arctic vegetation reflect both past glaciations and current climate. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 2016;25(4):430-442. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12424

Author

Stewart, L. ; Alsos, Inger G. ; Bay, Christian ; Breen, Amy L. ; Brochmann, Christian ; Boulanger-Lapointe, Noémie ; Broennimann, Olivier ; Bültmann, Helga ; Bøcher, Peder Klith ; Damgaard, Christian ; Daniëls, Fred J.A. ; Ehrich, Dorothee ; Eidesen, Pernille Bronken ; Guisan, Antoine ; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg Svala ; Lenoir, Jonathan ; le Roux, Peter C. ; Lévesque, Esther ; Luoto, Miska ; Nabe-Nielsen, Jacob ; Schönswetter, Peter ; Tribsch, Andreas ; Tveraabak, Liv Unn ; Virtanen, Risto ; Walker, Donald A. ; Westergaard, Kristine B. ; Yoccoz, Nigel G. ; Svenning, Jens Christian ; Wisz, Mary ; Schmidt, Niels Martin ; Pellissier, Loïc. / The regional species richness and genetic diversity of Arctic vegetation reflect both past glaciations and current climate. In: Global Ecology and Biogeography. 2016 ; Vol. 25, No. 4. pp. 430-442.

Bibtex

@article{b90772542ce7405c985e6d991a958a9e,
title = "The regional species richness and genetic diversity of Arctic vegetation reflect both past glaciations and current climate",
abstract = "Aim The Arctic has experienced marked climatic differences between glacial and interglacial periods and is now subject to a rapidly warming climate. Knowledge of the effects of historical processes on current patterns of diversity may aid predictions of the responses of vegetation to future climate change. We aim to test whether plant species and genetic diversity patterns are correlated with time since deglaciation at regional and local scales. We also investigate whether species richness is correlated with genetic diversity in vascular plants. Location Circumarctic. Methods We investigated species richness of the vascular plant flora of 21 floristic provinces and examined local species richness in 6215 vegetation plots distributed across the Arctic. We assessed levels of genetic diversity inferred from amplified fragment length polymorphism variation across populations of 23 common Arctic species. Correlations between diversity measures and landscape age (time since deglaciation) as well as variables characterizing current climate were analysed using spatially explicit simultaneous autoregressive models. Results Regional species richness of vascular plants and genetic diversity were correlated with each other, and both showed a positive relationship with landscape age. Plot species richness showed differing responses for vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens. At this finer scale, the richness of vascular plants was not significantly related to landscape age, which had a small effect size compared to the models of bryophyte and lichen richness. Main conclusion Our study suggests that imprints of past glaciations in Arctic vegetation diversity patterns at the regional scale are still detectable today. Since Arctic vegetation is still limited by post-glacial migration lag, it will most probably also exhibit lags in response to current and future climate change. Our results also suggest that local species richness at the plot scale is more determined by local habitat factors",
keywords = "AFLP, age, arctic, Arctic plants, bryophyte, Bryophytes, climate, climate change, CLIMATE-CHANGE, diversity, FUTURE, Genetic diversity, glaciation history, habitat, intraspecific genetic diversity, landscape, LENGTH, lichen, lichens, migration, Model, models, PATTERNS, plant, Plants, population, populations, prediction, RESPONSES, RICHNESS, scale, size, Species Richness, taxonomic groups, variation, vascular plant, Vascular plants, vegetation, warming",
author = "L. Stewart and Alsos, {Inger G.} and Christian Bay and Breen, {Amy L.} and Christian Brochmann and No{\'e}mie Boulanger-Lapointe and Olivier Broennimann and Helga B{\"u}ltmann and B{\o}cher, {Peder Klith} and Christian Damgaard and Dani{\"e}ls, {Fred J.A.} and Dorothee Ehrich and Eidesen, {Pernille Bronken} and Antoine Guisan and J{\'o}nsd{\'o}ttir, {Ingibj{\"o}rg Svala} and Jonathan Lenoir and {le Roux}, {Peter C.} and Esther L{\'e}vesque and Miska Luoto and Jacob Nabe-Nielsen and Peter Sch{\"o}nswetter and Andreas Tribsch and Tveraabak, {Liv Unn} and Risto Virtanen and Walker, {Donald A.} and Westergaard, {Kristine B.} and Yoccoz, {Nigel G.} and Svenning, {Jens Christian} and Mary Wisz and Schmidt, {Niels Martin} and Lo{\"i}c Pellissier",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1111/geb.12424",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "430--442",
journal = "Global Ecology and Biogeography",
issn = "1466-822X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The regional species richness and genetic diversity of Arctic vegetation reflect both past glaciations and current climate

AU - Stewart, L.

AU - Alsos, Inger G.

AU - Bay, Christian

AU - Breen, Amy L.

AU - Brochmann, Christian

AU - Boulanger-Lapointe, Noémie

AU - Broennimann, Olivier

AU - Bültmann, Helga

AU - Bøcher, Peder Klith

AU - Damgaard, Christian

AU - Daniëls, Fred J.A.

AU - Ehrich, Dorothee

AU - Eidesen, Pernille Bronken

AU - Guisan, Antoine

AU - Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg Svala

AU - Lenoir, Jonathan

AU - le Roux, Peter C.

AU - Lévesque, Esther

AU - Luoto, Miska

AU - Nabe-Nielsen, Jacob

AU - Schönswetter, Peter

AU - Tribsch, Andreas

AU - Tveraabak, Liv Unn

AU - Virtanen, Risto

AU - Walker, Donald A.

AU - Westergaard, Kristine B.

AU - Yoccoz, Nigel G.

AU - Svenning, Jens Christian

AU - Wisz, Mary

AU - Schmidt, Niels Martin

AU - Pellissier, Loïc

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Aim The Arctic has experienced marked climatic differences between glacial and interglacial periods and is now subject to a rapidly warming climate. Knowledge of the effects of historical processes on current patterns of diversity may aid predictions of the responses of vegetation to future climate change. We aim to test whether plant species and genetic diversity patterns are correlated with time since deglaciation at regional and local scales. We also investigate whether species richness is correlated with genetic diversity in vascular plants. Location Circumarctic. Methods We investigated species richness of the vascular plant flora of 21 floristic provinces and examined local species richness in 6215 vegetation plots distributed across the Arctic. We assessed levels of genetic diversity inferred from amplified fragment length polymorphism variation across populations of 23 common Arctic species. Correlations between diversity measures and landscape age (time since deglaciation) as well as variables characterizing current climate were analysed using spatially explicit simultaneous autoregressive models. Results Regional species richness of vascular plants and genetic diversity were correlated with each other, and both showed a positive relationship with landscape age. Plot species richness showed differing responses for vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens. At this finer scale, the richness of vascular plants was not significantly related to landscape age, which had a small effect size compared to the models of bryophyte and lichen richness. Main conclusion Our study suggests that imprints of past glaciations in Arctic vegetation diversity patterns at the regional scale are still detectable today. Since Arctic vegetation is still limited by post-glacial migration lag, it will most probably also exhibit lags in response to current and future climate change. Our results also suggest that local species richness at the plot scale is more determined by local habitat factors

AB - Aim The Arctic has experienced marked climatic differences between glacial and interglacial periods and is now subject to a rapidly warming climate. Knowledge of the effects of historical processes on current patterns of diversity may aid predictions of the responses of vegetation to future climate change. We aim to test whether plant species and genetic diversity patterns are correlated with time since deglaciation at regional and local scales. We also investigate whether species richness is correlated with genetic diversity in vascular plants. Location Circumarctic. Methods We investigated species richness of the vascular plant flora of 21 floristic provinces and examined local species richness in 6215 vegetation plots distributed across the Arctic. We assessed levels of genetic diversity inferred from amplified fragment length polymorphism variation across populations of 23 common Arctic species. Correlations between diversity measures and landscape age (time since deglaciation) as well as variables characterizing current climate were analysed using spatially explicit simultaneous autoregressive models. Results Regional species richness of vascular plants and genetic diversity were correlated with each other, and both showed a positive relationship with landscape age. Plot species richness showed differing responses for vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens. At this finer scale, the richness of vascular plants was not significantly related to landscape age, which had a small effect size compared to the models of bryophyte and lichen richness. Main conclusion Our study suggests that imprints of past glaciations in Arctic vegetation diversity patterns at the regional scale are still detectable today. Since Arctic vegetation is still limited by post-glacial migration lag, it will most probably also exhibit lags in response to current and future climate change. Our results also suggest that local species richness at the plot scale is more determined by local habitat factors

KW - AFLP

KW - age

KW - arctic

KW - Arctic plants

KW - bryophyte

KW - Bryophytes

KW - climate

KW - climate change

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE

KW - diversity

KW - FUTURE

KW - Genetic diversity

KW - glaciation history

KW - habitat

KW - intraspecific genetic diversity

KW - landscape

KW - LENGTH

KW - lichen

KW - lichens

KW - migration

KW - Model

KW - models

KW - PATTERNS

KW - plant

KW - Plants

KW - population

KW - populations

KW - prediction

KW - RESPONSES

KW - RICHNESS

KW - scale

KW - size

KW - Species Richness

KW - taxonomic groups

KW - variation

KW - vascular plant

KW - Vascular plants

KW - vegetation

KW - warming

U2 - 10.1111/geb.12424

DO - 10.1111/geb.12424

M3 - Journal article

VL - 25

SP - 430

EP - 442

JO - Global Ecology and Biogeography

JF - Global Ecology and Biogeography

SN - 1466-822X

IS - 4

ER -