The perceived impact of four funding streams on academic research production in Nordic Countries: The perspectives of system actors

Olivier Bégin-Caouette, Evanthia Kalpazidou Schmidt, Cynthia Field

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Abstract

Public research funding is both a symbol of the relationship between the state and universities, and a powerful policy instrument to influence the direction and nature of research. This study analyses the perspectives of Danish, Finish, Norwegian, and Swedish system actors regarding the impact of block, competitive, strategic, and excellence funding streams on academic research production. It follows a convergent-mixed method design based on 456 questionnaires and 56 interviews. Average survey scores and a thematic analysis suggest competitive funding is perceived as having the strongest and strategic funding the weakest positive impact on research production. Findings also reveal significant differences in survey scores between system actors' country and level of authority. Complementing studies based on bibliometric data, our actor-centered approach aims at portraying in a holistic way the multiple interrelations between funding streams and academic traditions in the context of Nordic higher education systems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScience and Public Policy
Volume44
Issue6
Pages (from-to)789-801
Number of pages13
ISSN0302-3427
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Academic research
  • Higher education systems
  • Nordic countries
  • Research funding streams

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