The patient education strategy "learning and coping" improves adherence to cardiac rehabilitation in primary healthcare settings: a pragmatic cluster-controlled trial

Charlotte Gjørup Pedersen*, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Vibeke Lynggaard, Ann Dorthe Zwisler, Thomas Maribo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Adherence and completion of programmes in educational and physical exercise sessions is essential in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) to obtain the known benefits on morbidity, mortality, risk factors, lifestyle, and quality of life. The patient education strategy "Learning and Coping" (LC) has been reported to positively impact adherence and completion in a hospital setting. It is unknown if LC has impact on adherence in primary healthcare settings, and whether LC improves self-management. The aim of this pragmatic primary healthcare-based study was to examine whether patients attending CR based on LC had a better adherence to patient education and physical exercise, higher program completion rate, and better self-management compared to patients attending CR based on a consultation program Empowerment, Motivation and Medical Adherence (EMMA). METHOD: A pragmatic cluster-controlled trial of two types of patient education LC and EMMA including ten primary healthcare settings and 514 patients (LC, n = 266; EMMA, n = 248) diagnosed with ischaemic heart disease discharged from hospital and referred to CR between August 1, 2018 and July 31, 2019. Adherence was defined as participation in ≥ 75% of provided sessions. Completion was defined as patients attended the final interview at the end of the 12-weeks programme. Patient Activation Measure (PAM) was used to obtain information on a person's knowledge, skills and confidence for self-management. PAM questionnaire was completed at baseline and 12-weeks follow-up. Multiple and Linear regression analyses adjusted for potential confounder variables and cluster effect were performed. RESULT: Patients who followed CR based on LC had a higher adherence rate to educational and physical exercise sessions compared to patients who followed CR based on EMMA (p < 0.01). High-level of completion was found at the end of CR with no statistically significant between clusters (78.9% vs. 78.2%, p > 0.05). At 12-weeks, there was no statistical differences in PAM-score between clusters (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study indicates that the LC positively impacts adherence in CR compared to EMMA. We found non-significant difference in completing CR and in patient self-management between the two types of patient education. Future studies are needed to investigate if the higher adherence rate achieved by LC in primary healthcare settings translates into better health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number364
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume22
Issue1
Number of pages10
ISSN1471-2261
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Completion
  • Patient education strategy
  • Primary healthcare settings
  • Self-management

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