The Na+ /H+ exchanger NHE1 localizes as clusters to cryptic lamellipodia and accelerates collective epithelial cell migration

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  • Helene Halkjær Jensen, Aalborg University
  • ,
  • Gitte Albinus Pedersen
  • ,
  • Jeanette Jeppesen Morgen
  • Maddy Parsons, Kings College London, United Kingdom
  • Stine Falsig Pedersen, Section for Cell and Dev. Biology, Dept. of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Lene Niemann Nejsum

Key points: Exogenous Na + /H + exchanger 1 (NHE1) expression stimulated the collective migration of epithelial cell sheets Stimulation with epidermal growth factor, a key morphogen, primarily increased migration of the front row of cells, whereas NHE1 increased that of submarginal cell rows, and the two stimuli were additive Accordingly, NHE1 localized not only to the leading edges of leader cells, but also in cryptic lamellipodia in submarginal cell rows NHE1 expression disrupted the morphology of epithelial cell sheets and three-dimensional cysts. Abstract: Collective cell migration plays essential roles in embryonic development, in normal epithelial repair processes, and in many diseases including cancer. The Na + /H + exchanger 1 (NHE1, SLC9A1) is an important regulator of motility in many cells and has been widely studied for its roles in cancer, although its possible role in collective migration of normal epithelial cells has remained unresolved. In the present study, we show that NHE1 expression in MDCK-II kidney epithelial cells accelerated collective cell migration. NHE1 localized to the leading edges of leader cells, as well as to cryptic lamellipodia in submarginal cell rows. Epidermal growth factor, a kidney morphogen, increased displacement of the front row of collectively migrating cells and reduced the number of migration fingers. NHE1 expression increased the number of migration fingers and increased displacement of submarginal cell rows, resulting in additive effects of NHE1 and epidermal growth factor. Finally, NHE1 expression resulted in disorganized development of MDCK-II cell cysts. Thus, NHE1 contributes to collective migration and epithelial morphogenesis, suggesting roles for the transporter in embryonic and early postnatal development.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Physiology
Pages (from-to)849-867
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Bibliographical note

© 2018 The Authors. The Journal of Physiology © 2018 The Physiological Society.

    Research areas

  • EGF, MDCK cells, NHE1, Na /H exchanger, collective cell migration, metastasis, CANCER-CELLS, ORTHOGONAL ARRAYS, PHYSIOLOGY, METASTASIS, Na+/H+ exchanger, INVASION, PDGFR-ALPHA, PH, CHANNELS, EXPRESSION, POLARIZATION, Embryonic Development/physiology, Sodium-Hydrogen Exchanger 1/metabolism, Epidermal Growth Factor/metabolism, Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells, Cell Line, Epithelial Cells/metabolism, Pseudopodia/metabolism, Animals, Cell Movement/physiology, Dogs

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