The miR-143/-145 cluster regulates plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 in bladder cancer

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Background:Upregulation of the proto-oncogene plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a common hallmark of various solid tumours, but the mechanisms controlling its expression are not fully understood.Methods:We investigate microRNAs (miRNAs) regulating PAI-1 in a panel of normal bladder urothelial biopsies, superficial Ta bladder tumours and invasive T1-T4 tumours using expression microarrays and qRT-PCR. The prognostic implications of PAI-1 deregulation are established by tissue microarray staining of non-muscle-invasive bladder tumours. MicroRNA repression of PAI-1 is assayed by ectopic miRNA expression, argonaute immunoprecipitation and luciferase assays.Results:We found that the miR-143/-145 cluster is downregulated in all stages of bladder cancer and inversely correlated with PAI-1 expression. Mature miR-143 and miR-145 are coordinately expressed, and both directly target the PAI-1 3'UTR, leading to reduced PAI-1 mRNA and protein levels. Furthermore, we show that PAI-1 and miR-145 levels may serve as useful prognostic markers for non-muscle-invasive bladder tumours for which accurate progressive outcome is currently difficult to predict.Conclusion:This report provides the first evidence for direct miRNA regulation of PAI-1 in bladder cancer. We also demonstrate mRNA co-targeting by a cluster of non-family miRNAs, and suggest miR-145 and PAI-1 as clinically relevant biomarkers in bladder cancer.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 22 November 2011; doi:10.1038/bjc.2011.520 www.bjcancer.com
Original languageEnglish
JournalB J C
Volume106
Issue2
Pages (from-to)366-374
Number of pages9
ISSN0007-0920
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2012

    Research areas

  • bladder cancer, PAI-1, microRNA, miR-143, miR145

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