Department of Political Science

The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy” (V-Dem)

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy” (V-Dem). / Coppedge, Michael; Gerring, John; Knutsen, Carl Henrik; Krusell, Joshua; Medzihorsky, Juraj; Pernes, Josefine; Skaaning, Svend-Erik; Stepanova, Natalia; Teorell, Jan; Tzelgov, Eitan; Wilson, Steven L.; Lindberg, Staffan I.

In: BMS Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/ Bulletin de Methodologie Sociologique, Vol. 143, No. 1, 2019, p. 107-133.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Coppedge, M, Gerring, J, Knutsen, CH, Krusell, J, Medzihorsky, J, Pernes, J, Skaaning, S-E, Stepanova, N, Teorell, J, Tzelgov, E, Wilson, SL & Lindberg, SI 2019, 'The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy” (V-Dem)', BMS Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/ Bulletin de Methodologie Sociologique, vol. 143, no. 1, pp. 107-133. https://doi.org/10.1177/0759106319854989

APA

Coppedge, M., Gerring, J., Knutsen, C. H., Krusell, J., Medzihorsky, J., Pernes, J., ... Lindberg, S. I. (2019). The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy” (V-Dem). BMS Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/ Bulletin de Methodologie Sociologique, 143(1), 107-133. https://doi.org/10.1177/0759106319854989

CBE

Coppedge M, Gerring J, Knutsen CH, Krusell J, Medzihorsky J, Pernes J, Skaaning S-E, Stepanova N, Teorell J, Tzelgov E, Wilson SL, Lindberg SI. 2019. The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy” (V-Dem). BMS Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/ Bulletin de Methodologie Sociologique. 143(1):107-133. https://doi.org/10.1177/0759106319854989

MLA

Coppedge, Michael et al. "The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy” (V-Dem)". BMS Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/ Bulletin de Methodologie Sociologique. 2019, 143(1). 107-133. https://doi.org/10.1177/0759106319854989

Vancouver

Coppedge M, Gerring J, Knutsen CH, Krusell J, Medzihorsky J, Pernes J et al. The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy” (V-Dem). BMS Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/ Bulletin de Methodologie Sociologique. 2019;143(1):107-133. https://doi.org/10.1177/0759106319854989

Author

Coppedge, Michael ; Gerring, John ; Knutsen, Carl Henrik ; Krusell, Joshua ; Medzihorsky, Juraj ; Pernes, Josefine ; Skaaning, Svend-Erik ; Stepanova, Natalia ; Teorell, Jan ; Tzelgov, Eitan ; Wilson, Steven L. ; Lindberg, Staffan I. / The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy” (V-Dem). In: BMS Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/ Bulletin de Methodologie Sociologique. 2019 ; Vol. 143, No. 1. pp. 107-133.

Bibtex

@article{b487ec60c4634f528d829e3fdc36715c,
title = "The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy” (V-Dem)",
abstract = "This article describes and discusses the new generation of methodological responses to measuring democracy and related issues generated by Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem). V-Dem is distinct in several regards in addition to its unique level of disaggregation, by the combination of: historical data extending back to 1900 and for a large selection among them to 1789 for many countries in the world; use of multiple, independent coders for each evaluative question; inter-coder reliability tests incorporated into a custom designed Bayesian item-response theory measurement model; provision of confidence bounds for all point estimates associated with expert-coded questions as well as for all indices; multiple indices reflecting varying theories of democracy; fully transparent aggregation procedures; and that all data are made freely available, including original coder-level judgments (exclusive of any personal identifying information).",
keywords = "Aggregation, Democracy, Democratization, Dictatorship, Expert, Index, Indicators, survey",
author = "Michael Coppedge and John Gerring and Knutsen, {Carl Henrik} and Joshua Krusell and Juraj Medzihorsky and Josefine Pernes and Svend-Erik Skaaning and Natalia Stepanova and Jan Teorell and Eitan Tzelgov and Wilson, {Steven L.} and Lindberg, {Staffan I.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1177/0759106319854989",
language = "English",
volume = "143",
pages = "107--133",
journal = "Bulletin of Sociological Methodology",
issn = "0759-1063",
publisher = "Association Internationale de Methodologie Sociologique",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy” (V-Dem)

AU - Coppedge, Michael

AU - Gerring, John

AU - Knutsen, Carl Henrik

AU - Krusell, Joshua

AU - Medzihorsky, Juraj

AU - Pernes, Josefine

AU - Skaaning, Svend-Erik

AU - Stepanova, Natalia

AU - Teorell, Jan

AU - Tzelgov, Eitan

AU - Wilson, Steven L.

AU - Lindberg, Staffan I.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - This article describes and discusses the new generation of methodological responses to measuring democracy and related issues generated by Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem). V-Dem is distinct in several regards in addition to its unique level of disaggregation, by the combination of: historical data extending back to 1900 and for a large selection among them to 1789 for many countries in the world; use of multiple, independent coders for each evaluative question; inter-coder reliability tests incorporated into a custom designed Bayesian item-response theory measurement model; provision of confidence bounds for all point estimates associated with expert-coded questions as well as for all indices; multiple indices reflecting varying theories of democracy; fully transparent aggregation procedures; and that all data are made freely available, including original coder-level judgments (exclusive of any personal identifying information).

AB - This article describes and discusses the new generation of methodological responses to measuring democracy and related issues generated by Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem). V-Dem is distinct in several regards in addition to its unique level of disaggregation, by the combination of: historical data extending back to 1900 and for a large selection among them to 1789 for many countries in the world; use of multiple, independent coders for each evaluative question; inter-coder reliability tests incorporated into a custom designed Bayesian item-response theory measurement model; provision of confidence bounds for all point estimates associated with expert-coded questions as well as for all indices; multiple indices reflecting varying theories of democracy; fully transparent aggregation procedures; and that all data are made freely available, including original coder-level judgments (exclusive of any personal identifying information).

KW - Aggregation

KW - Democracy

KW - Democratization

KW - Dictatorship

KW - Expert

KW - Index

KW - Indicators

KW - survey

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070732656&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0759106319854989

DO - 10.1177/0759106319854989

M3 - Journal article

VL - 143

SP - 107

EP - 133

JO - Bulletin of Sociological Methodology

JF - Bulletin of Sociological Methodology

SN - 0759-1063

IS - 1

ER -