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The languages of Edelberg’s Nuristan and environs

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In this chapter, we first provide an overview of the languages of Nuristan as well as the neighboring regions, from geographical and linguistic points of views, based on available literature, and we then summarize earlier proposals as to their internal and external classification, providing the reader with the background information needed to evaluate the bearing of our own comparative work. Next, we present our two comparative studies of the languages of Nuristan, the Dardic languages, and some other Indo-Iranian languages spoken in Southeastern Afghanistan, North India, and North Pakistan, based on different lexical data sets. For these analyses, we make use of software developed for visualizing evolutionary patterns, as well as other forms of similarities, in biological species, or other entities subject to change through descent with modification (e.g. languages). Such phylogenetic algorithms have been utilized successfully in historical-comparative linguistics since the first decade of the 21st century (see Bowern & Evans 2015). The specific techniques applied in the present study have previously been used for internal classifications of the languages of Chitral in North Pakistan (Bakker & Daval-Markussen 2016). Finally, we discuss some grammatical peculiarities of the Nuristani languages, before concluding the study.
Translated title of the contributionSprogene i Edelbergs Nuristan og omegn
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationToward the horizon : Lennart Edelberg and the Danish Hindukush research
EditorsUlrik Høj Johnsen, Schuyler Jones, Taj Khan Kalash
Place of publicationAarhus
PublisherAarhus Universitetsforlag
Publication year2021
ISBN (print)978-87-93251-22-9
Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Research areas

  • Nuristan, Languages in Nuristan, Afghanistan, Indo-European language, phylogeny, typology

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