The Effects of Simulation-based Transvaginal Ultrasound Training on Quality and Efficiency of Care: A Multicenter Single-blind Randomized Trial

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  • Martin Grønnebæk Tolsgaard
  • ,
  • Charlotte Ringsted
  • ,
  • Susanne Rosthøj
  • ,
  • Lone Nikoline Nørgaard
  • ,
  • Lars Møller
  • ,
  • Nina La Cour Freiesleben
  • ,
  • Liv Dyre
  • ,
  • Ann Tabor

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of adding simulation-based transvaginal ultrasound training to trainees' clinical training compared with only clinical training on quality of and efficiency of care.

BACKGROUND: Simulation-based ultrasound training may be an effective adjunct to clinical training, but no studies have examined its effects on quality and efficiency of care.

METHODS: Trainees from 4 University Hospitals in East Denmark were included (N = 54). Participants were randomized to either simulation-based ultrasound training and clinical training (intervention group, n = 28), or to clinical training only (control group, n = 26).The primary outcome was patient-reported discomfort during transvaginal ultrasound examinations performed by study participants. Secondary outcomes included patient-reported perceived safety and confidence in ultrasound provider. Finally, the need for trainee supervision or repeated patient examinations was recorded.

RESULTS: In total, 1150 patient ratings were collected. The intervention was associated with a reduction of patient discomfort by 18.5% [95% confidence interval (CI), 10.7-25.5; P < 0.001), and with a 7.9% (95% CI, 0.5-14.7; P = 0.04) increase in perceived safety. The intervention group participants received 11.1% (95% CI, 2.5-18.9) higher scores on patients' confidence compared with control group participants (P = 0.01). When the number of days of clinical training was doubled, the odds for trainee supervision or repeated patient examination was reduced by 45.3% (95% CI, 33.5-55.1) and 19.8% (95% CI, 4.1-32.9) in the intervention and control group, respectively (P = 0.005).

CONCLUSIONS: Simulation-based ultrasound training improved quality of care and reduced the need for repeated patient examination and trainee supervision.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Pages (from-to)630-637
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

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