The effect of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NMMA on basal CBF and vasoneuronal coupling in man: A PET study

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  • Richard P. White, King's College London
  • ,
  • Claire Hindley, Hammersmith Hospital
  • ,
  • Peter M. Bloomfield, Hammersmith Hospital
  • ,
  • Vincent J. Cunningham, Hammersmith Hospital
  • ,
  • Patrick Vallance, UCL
  • ,
  • David J. Brooks
  • Hugh S. Markus, King's College London

Nitric oxide (NO) regulates basal CBF. In a number of animal models NO has been implicated in the mediation of the regional changes in CBF (rCBF) that accompany neuronal activation (vasoneuronal coupling). However, some results in animal models have failed to confirm this finding, and the validity of extrapolation to man from animal data is uncertain. To determine the contribution of NO to basal global CBF and activation-induced changes in rCBF, the authors have performed quantitative H2 15O positron emission tomography (PET) studies before and after administration of the nonisoform- specific NO synthase inhibitor, N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), in 10 healthy male volunteers. Learning a novel sequence of finger movements was used as a paradigm to induce regional frontal cortex activation. The effect of NO synthase inhibition on the magnitude and pattern of activation was determined. Resting global CBF fell from 33.3 ± 5.3 mL·100 g-1·min-1 at rest before L-NMMA, to 26.5 ± 7.7 mL·100 g-1·min-1 after L-NMMA (P = 0.001). This fall was reversed by L-arginine administration. Learning sequential finger movements induced increases in rCBF in the left motor, right prefrontal, and bilateral premotor cortices. After NO synthase inhibition with L-NMMA, there was no change in this pattern of activation and no reduction in the magnitude of rCBF responses at the foci of maximal stimulation before and after L-NMMA. These findings confirm that NO production contributes to basal CBF regulation in man, but show that systemic NO synthase inhibition with L-NMMA does not impair regional vasoneuronal coupling.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume19
Issue6
Pages (from-to)673-678
Number of pages6
ISSN0271-678X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Cerebral activation, Cerebral blood flow, Man, Nitric oxide, Positron emission tomography

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