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The effect of a voice-centered psycho-educational program on maternal self-efficacy: A feasibility study

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  • Helen Shoemark, Temple University
  • ,
  • Marie Dahlstrøm
  • Oscar Bedford, McGill University
  • ,
  • Lauren Stewart, Goldsmiths, University of London

This study examined the effect of a brief psycho-educational program, Time Together, on maternal self-efficacy, mother-infant bonding, and mood/anxiety for community-based mothers. This program centered on maternal voice, timing of interplay, and recognition of infant cues. A convergent parallel mixed-methods design included quantitative measures: the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale, the Mother-Infant Bonding Scale, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and State & Trait Anxiety Inventory, and a sequential qualitative analysis to elaborate on the quantitative findings. Significant changes on the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale were found. Qualitative analysis of the participant interviews and reflective diaries from the two weeks following the psycho-educational program confirmed that participation enhanced mothers’ ability to understand their infant, to soothe their infant when distressed, to play and to establish an effective bedtime routine. This feasibility study indicated that this is a promising approach to improve early moth-er-infant interaction and maternal self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2537
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

    Research areas

  • Community-based intervention, Contingent singing, Feasibility trial, Maternal self-efficacy, Music

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