Diatoms use peptides based on the protein silaffin to fabricate their silica cell walls. To the interest of material scientists, silaffin peptides can also produce titanium dioxide nanoparticles. Peptide-based synthesis could present an environmentally friendly route to the synthesis of titanium dioxide nanomaterials with potential applications in water splitting and for biocompatible materials design. Two-dimensional nanomaterials have exceptional surface-to-volume ratios and are particularly suited for these applications. We here demonstrate how the silaffin peptide R5 can precipitate free-standing and self-supported sheets of titanium dioxide at the air-water interface, which are stable over tens of micrometers.