The animal feed mineral phosphorus tax in Denmark

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/proceedingReport chapterResearchpeer-review

Denmark’s tax on animal feed phosphorus came into effect in 2005 with a tax rate of DKK 4 (EUR 0.53) per kg of phosphorus. It targets commercial animal feed phosphate and aims to reduce the saturation of soils with phosphorus, and leaching to surface waters. Consumption of mineral phosphate in animal feeds has been reduced by about 2,000 tonnes (or 15%) since the introduction of the tax, although the tax rate has not been adjusted with inflation. The tax is believed to have improved overall efficiency in the use of animal feed.
Farmer organisations did not oppose the tax and accepted it as part of a broader package deal on measures to reduce nutrient leaching and pollution of surface waters. Environmental NGOs voiced concerns about impacts on organic farms, and were not strong advocates of the tax. The tax arose from efforts to identify the most cost-effective means for reducing nutrient losses. These efforts were undertaken in a Government committee with civil servants from several ministries and representatives from interested groups including farmers and NGOs.
The analysis published shows that a tax on phosphorus would have been environmentally and economically more effective if applied to all sources, including also to mineral fertilizer.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCapacity building, programmatic development and communication in the field of environmental taxation and budgetary reform
EditorsPatrick ten Brink, Emma Watson
Number of pages7
Place of publicationBruxelles
PublisherEuropean Union
Publication yearDec 2017
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

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