Department of Management

Testing and Validation of a Hierarchical Values-Attitudes Model in the Context of Green Food in China

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Toula Perrea, Denmark
  • Klaus G Grunert
  • Athanasios Krystallis Krontalis, Denmark
  • Yanfeng Zhou, School of Business, Sun Yat-sen University, China
  • Guang Huang, School of Taxation and Public Finance, Guangdong University of Business Studies, China
  • Yue Hu, China Mobile Group Guangdong Co. Ltd, China
Purpose – Values-attitudes hierarchical models are quite frequent in the consumer behaviour literature. In attitudinal models specific to food produced in an environmentally friendly way (i.e. “green” food), past research evidence mainly originating in Western cultures posits that the strongest path of the model can be found among collectivistic consumer values, general environmental attitudes, and attitudes specific to green food. On the other hand, in non-Western cultures (i.e. China), green food (e.g. organic) is perceived by consumers as safer to consume. With this as point of departure, the present paper aims to examine whether attitudes towards green food in a values-attitudes model in China are determined as postulated in past Western research.
Design/methodology/approach – A “typical” (i.e. Western research evidence-based) values-attitudes hierarchical model was developed and a questionnaire comprising 34 items reflecting the conceptual model was designed. Data collection was focused on six major Chinese cities, as this is where the current changes in eating habits are predominantly taking place. Data were collected by
personal interviews conducted by local researchers between January and March 2009 through a mall-intercept method. A total number of 479 respondents were recruited, equally distributed among the six cities.
Findings – Collectivistic values and environmental attitudes were still found to be strong determinants of Chinese consumers’ attitudes towards green foods; contrary to relevant Western findings, however, collectivism also influenced technological attitudes; which, in turn, influenced attitudes towards green food jointly with environmental attitudes. These findings point to the conclusion that Chinese consumers, possibly guided by altruistic predispositions, see technology as a positive determinant of both food safety and environmental friendliness in food production. Empirical findings like these highlight the need for adaptation of well-substantiated models to completely customised research approaches within new globally rising environments.
Originality/value – It is still not quite clear how green food products are perceived in South-East Asian consumer cultures, as well as in other non-Western contexts. This scarcity makes the empirical examination of well-established values-attitudes hierarchies in such contexts valuable from an academic and practitioner’s point of view.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics
Pages (from-to)296-314
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Ikke udgivet 16.2.2014/bs

    Research areas

  • MAPP, China , Food safety, Green food, Value-attitudes hierachy

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