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Temperature-induced changes in biofilm organic matter utilization in arctic streams (Disko Island, Greenland)

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Temperature-induced changes in biofilm organic matter utilization in arctic streams (Disko Island, Greenland). / Pastor, Ada; Manolaki, Paraskevi; Freixa, Anna; Giménez-Grau, Pau; Romaní, Anna M.; Riis, Tenna.

In: Polar Biology, Vol. 44, No. 11, 11.2021, p. 2177-2188.

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Pastor, Ada ; Manolaki, Paraskevi ; Freixa, Anna ; Giménez-Grau, Pau ; Romaní, Anna M. ; Riis, Tenna. / Temperature-induced changes in biofilm organic matter utilization in arctic streams (Disko Island, Greenland). In: Polar Biology. 2021 ; Vol. 44, No. 11. pp. 2177-2188.

Bibtex

@article{b09b73024d9447dc8f96e1e6f16565e7,
title = "Temperature-induced changes in biofilm organic matter utilization in arctic streams (Disko Island, Greenland)",
abstract = "Arctic terrestrial vegetation is responding to warming with higher biomass and productivity, but the effects for freshwater ecosystems are unclear. Biofilm extracellular enzymes are important mediators of organic matter processing in aquatic ecosystems, thus understanding how enzyme activities change with water temperature and organic matter availability is important to assess the effects of climate change. Here, we studied biofilm enzyme activities in six streams differing in their riparian vegetation cover and water thermal regime on Disko Island, Greenland. For all streams, biofilms enzymes showed a low activity to decompose plant material, as expected in the Arctic. However, in contrast to simple polysaccharides, there was a significant increase in the capacity for hemicellulose decomposition, in streams with high-vegetation cover. Moreover, biofilms in high-vegetation streams showed greater autotrophy (chlorophyll a to total organic matter content) and higher phosphatase activity than stream with low-vegetation cover ones. Enzyme temperature sensitivity (measured as the rate of change of enzyme activity by biofilms incubated at 3 and 22 °C) did not change across the streams, but differed among enzymes types. Phosphatase and phenol oxidase enzymes presented the highest sensitivity to water temperature, which suggests that the degradation of organic phosphorous compounds and lignin could be disproportionately enhanced under warming climate scenarios.",
keywords = "Biofilm, Dissolved organic matter, Enzyme, Greenland, Nutrients, Temperature, PHOSPHORUS, CARBON, ECOENZYMATIC STOICHIOMETRY, DECOMPOSITION, COMMUNITIES, EXTRACELLULAR ENZYME-ACTIVITY, DEPENDENCE, METABOLISM, CONTEMPORARY, SOIL",
author = "Ada Pastor and Paraskevi Manolaki and Anna Freixa and Pau Gim{\'e}nez-Grau and Roman{\'i}, {Anna M.} and Tenna Riis",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.",
year = "2021",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1007/s00300-021-02955-9",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "2177--2188",
journal = "Polar Biology",
issn = "0722-4060",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Temperature-induced changes in biofilm organic matter utilization in arctic streams (Disko Island, Greenland)

AU - Pastor, Ada

AU - Manolaki, Paraskevi

AU - Freixa, Anna

AU - Giménez-Grau, Pau

AU - Romaní, Anna M.

AU - Riis, Tenna

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

PY - 2021/11

Y1 - 2021/11

N2 - Arctic terrestrial vegetation is responding to warming with higher biomass and productivity, but the effects for freshwater ecosystems are unclear. Biofilm extracellular enzymes are important mediators of organic matter processing in aquatic ecosystems, thus understanding how enzyme activities change with water temperature and organic matter availability is important to assess the effects of climate change. Here, we studied biofilm enzyme activities in six streams differing in their riparian vegetation cover and water thermal regime on Disko Island, Greenland. For all streams, biofilms enzymes showed a low activity to decompose plant material, as expected in the Arctic. However, in contrast to simple polysaccharides, there was a significant increase in the capacity for hemicellulose decomposition, in streams with high-vegetation cover. Moreover, biofilms in high-vegetation streams showed greater autotrophy (chlorophyll a to total organic matter content) and higher phosphatase activity than stream with low-vegetation cover ones. Enzyme temperature sensitivity (measured as the rate of change of enzyme activity by biofilms incubated at 3 and 22 °C) did not change across the streams, but differed among enzymes types. Phosphatase and phenol oxidase enzymes presented the highest sensitivity to water temperature, which suggests that the degradation of organic phosphorous compounds and lignin could be disproportionately enhanced under warming climate scenarios.

AB - Arctic terrestrial vegetation is responding to warming with higher biomass and productivity, but the effects for freshwater ecosystems are unclear. Biofilm extracellular enzymes are important mediators of organic matter processing in aquatic ecosystems, thus understanding how enzyme activities change with water temperature and organic matter availability is important to assess the effects of climate change. Here, we studied biofilm enzyme activities in six streams differing in their riparian vegetation cover and water thermal regime on Disko Island, Greenland. For all streams, biofilms enzymes showed a low activity to decompose plant material, as expected in the Arctic. However, in contrast to simple polysaccharides, there was a significant increase in the capacity for hemicellulose decomposition, in streams with high-vegetation cover. Moreover, biofilms in high-vegetation streams showed greater autotrophy (chlorophyll a to total organic matter content) and higher phosphatase activity than stream with low-vegetation cover ones. Enzyme temperature sensitivity (measured as the rate of change of enzyme activity by biofilms incubated at 3 and 22 °C) did not change across the streams, but differed among enzymes types. Phosphatase and phenol oxidase enzymes presented the highest sensitivity to water temperature, which suggests that the degradation of organic phosphorous compounds and lignin could be disproportionately enhanced under warming climate scenarios.

KW - Biofilm

KW - Dissolved organic matter

KW - Enzyme

KW - Greenland

KW - Nutrients

KW - Temperature

KW - PHOSPHORUS

KW - CARBON

KW - ECOENZYMATIC STOICHIOMETRY

KW - DECOMPOSITION

KW - COMMUNITIES

KW - EXTRACELLULAR ENZYME-ACTIVITY

KW - DEPENDENCE

KW - METABOLISM

KW - CONTEMPORARY

KW - SOIL

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85117001858&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00300-021-02955-9

DO - 10.1007/s00300-021-02955-9

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85117001858

VL - 44

SP - 2177

EP - 2188

JO - Polar Biology

JF - Polar Biology

SN - 0722-4060

IS - 11

ER -