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Temperature-Dependent Toxicokinetics of Phenanthrene in Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta)

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Although the toxicokinetics of organic pollutants in soil invertebrates under optimal and constant temperature has been widely reported, their uptake, elimination, and bioaccumulation under suboptimal temperatures, and especially daily fluctuating temperature (FT) regimes have received only little research attention. In this study, the uptake, elimination, and bioaccumulation of phenanthrene (PHE) in Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta) under different constant temperatures, and an FT regime were investigated in a natural soil. In general, the PHE concentrations in worm tissues reached steady state within 14 days at different temperatures. The uptake (ku) and elimination (ke) rate constants and the bioaccumulation increased with increasing temperature likely because of an increased diffusivity of PHE into the worms and an increased metabolic rate. Interestingly, the bioaccumulation factor of PHE in E. albidus showed a positive relationship with temperature because the slope of the ku-temperature relationship was larger than that of the ke-temperature relationship. Further, the uptake and elimination rate constants were larger under the FT regime than at the constant average of the fluctuating temperature. These findings suggest that, climatic conditions, especially daily fluctuating temperatures, should be considered for the assessment of the toxicokinetics of organic pollutants in terrestrial organisms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Pages (from-to)1876-1884
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

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