Telomerase activity is spontaneously increased in lymphocytes from patients with atopic dermatitis and correlates with cellular proliferation

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  • Kehuai Wu, Department of Informatics and Mathematical Modeling, Denmark
  • Anne Rehné Volke, Studiestart, Denmark
  • Marianne Lund, Denmark
  • K Bang
  • K Thestrup-Pedersen, Denmark
Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein enzyme involved with cellular proliferation and cellular senescence. The aim of the present study was to investigate telomerase activity in lymphocytes from patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and to observe its regulation of cellular proliferation. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated from 15 patients with AD and 13 healthy donors. Cells were stimulated with purified protein derivative (PPD) of tuberculin (10 microg/ml), interleukin 2 (IL-2) (100 U/ml), anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (anti-CD3) (1 microg/ml), anti-CD3 plus IL-2, and staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) (0.1 microg/ml). Telomerase activity was measured by the telomeric repeat amplification protocol-based telomerase polymerase chain reaction enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at 0 and 72 h of incubation. In addition, DNA synthesis of the cells was assayed using 3H-thymidine incorporation. We found that telomerase activity in non-stimulated PBMC from patients with AD was significantly up-regulated without any stimulation during the 72 h of in vitro incubation. The most potent stimulator of telomerase activity was SEA, followed by anti-CD3 plus IL-2, anti-CD3 alone, and PPD. IL-2 did stimulate telomerase activity and DNA proliferation with increasing dosage of IL-2. The DNA proliferation was paralleled by increase in telomerase activity. There was no significant difference between telomerase activity in stimulated lymphocytes from AD patients and normal donors, but the relative increase in telomerase activity tended to be less in AD patients. A spontaneously higher telomerase activity in lymphocytes from AD patients could indicate that T lymphocytes are already stimulated in vivo or that a population of T cells in peripheral blood exhibits an increased telomerase activity compatible with cellular immaturity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dermatological Science
Pages (from-to)24-30
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1999

    Research areas

  • Adult, Cell Division, Dermatitis, Atopic, Female, Humans, Lymphocytes, Male, Middle Aged, Telomerase

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