System Identification Based Adaptive Droop Control Strategy for Predominantly Resistive Microgrids

Prashant Pant*, Vedran S. Perić, Thomas Hamacher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


The conventional droop control schemes have been developed assuming predominantly inductive power lines, however in distribution grids with both resistive and inductive power lines, the appropriate reactive power sharing becomes a challenge. The use of large droop coefficients can improve the reactive power sharing, however, this approach deteriorates the system damping. This paper establishes a mathematical relation between the inverter droop coefficients and the damping coefficient of the inverter active power output. Based on this relationship, an adaptive droop coefficient power-sharing strategy is proposed that is applicable to grids with predominantly resistive lines. The proposed adaptive control continuously estimates the damping ratio of the inverter's active power response and using the derived relationship, it adjusts the droop coefficients. The damping ratio is estimated by perturbing the reactive power droop coefficient and analysis of the active power response of the inverter with Matrix-Pencil algorithm. The reactive power droop coefficient is updated until the inverter response exhibits critically damped behavior. Damping-coefficient based adaptive droop control brings two main advantages: (i) minimizing active and reactive power coupling effect that improves reactive power sharing (ii) preserving microgrid stability through adaptive adjustment of power droop coefficients that ensures the required level of system damping, hence enabling inverters to act as stability reservoirs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM)
Publication date2023
ISBN (Electronic)9781665464413
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes
Event2023 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, PESGM 2023 - Orlando, United States
Duration: 16 Jul 202320 Jul 2023


Conference2023 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, PESGM 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
SeriesIEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting


  • adaptive droop control
  • matrix-pencil
  • microgrid-stability
  • system identification


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