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Sustained phosphorus removal by calcareous materials in long-term (two years) column experiment

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DOI

(1) Phosphorus (P) removal has proven difficult in decentralized wastewater treatment systems, and external filters installed with a highly P sorbent material have been proposed to improve the P removal. In particular, calcium (Ca) rich materials have shown promising results. (2) Eight materials (five calcareous materials, one quartz sand, and two Sol–Gel coated calcareous materials) were tested in columns fed with P-spiked tap water for two years. The experiment was operated under four periods with increased P concentration from 3.3 to 21.5 mg P L −1, and with increased surface loading rate from 18 to 227 mm d −1 . After termination, the element content was measured in four column height fractions. (3) Initially, all columns removed P effectively and the calcareous materials (CAT, CAT A, and CAT C) maintained an effective removal until termination, while increases in effluent P concentration were detected already after 7 weeks for SAN and after 80–90 weeks for OPO, PHO, CAL, and HYG. The highest P content for materials were measured for the bottom fraction closest to the inlet distribution. For most materials, we observed a good agreement between the maximum sorption capacity (Q max ) and the P content in the bottom fraction; however, a discrepancy was observed for CAL, CAT A, and CAT C. (4) In conclusion, the calcareous materials provided a consistent P removal for all 24 months. Additionally, the Sol–Gel coating had a minimal effect on the P removal capacity contrary to previous findings in batch experiments for the coated materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number682
JournalWater
Volume14
Issue5
Number of pages14
ISSN2073-4441
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

    Research areas

  • Constructed wetlands, Filter, Langmuir, Material, Media, Phosphorus, Sol–Gel coating, Sorption, Total P binding capacity, Treatment wetlands, WASTE-WATER TREATMENT, RETENTION, FILTER MATERIALS, media, total P binding capacity, sorption, Sol-Gel coating, filter, treatment wetlands, CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS, material, NITROGEN, constructed wetlands, phosphorus

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