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Surfaces Coated with Polymer Brushes Work as Carriers for Histidine Ammonia Lyase

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The immobilization of enzymes on solid supports is an important challenge in biotechnology and biomedicine. In contrast to other methods, enzyme deposition in polymer brushes offers the benefit of high protein loading that preserves enzymatic activity in part due to the hydrated 3D environment that is available within the brush structure. The authors equipped planar and colloidal silica surfaces with poly(2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate)-based brushes to immobilize Thermoplasma acidophilum histidine ammonia lyase, and analyzed the amount and activity of the immobilized enzyme. The poly(2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) brushes are attached to the solid silica supports either via a "grafting-to" or a "grafting-from" method. It is found that the grafting-from method results in higher amounts of deposited polymer and, consequently, higher amounts of Thermoplasma acidophilum histidine ammonia lyase. All polymer brush-modified surfaces show preserved catalytic activity of the deposited Thermoplasma acidophilum histidine ammonia lyase. However, immobilizing the enzyme in polymer brushes using the grafting-from method resulted in twice the enzymatic activity from the grafting-to approach, illustrating a successful enzyme deposition on a solid support.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200528
JournalMacromolecular Bioscience
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

    Research areas

  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, enzymes, histidine ammonia lyase, poly(2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate), polymer brushes, silica particles, stability, Methacrylates/chemistry, Silicon Dioxide, Histidine Ammonia-Lyase, Polymers/chemistry

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