Surface electronic structure engineering of manganese bismuth tellurides guided by micro-focused angle-resolved photoemission

Klara Volckaert, Paulina Ewa Majchrzak, Deepnarayan Biswas, Alfred Jones, Marco Bianchi, Zhihao Jiang, Raphaël Dubourg, Rasmus Ørnekoll Stenshøj, Mads Lykke Jensen, Nykola C. Jones, Søren Vrønning Hoffmann, Jian-Li Mi, Martin Bremholm, Xing Chen Pan, Yong P. Chen, Philip Hofmann, Jill Miwa, Søren Ulstrup*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Modification of the electronic structure of quantum matter by ad atom deposition allows for directed fundamental design of electronic and magnetic properties. This concept is utilized in the present work in order to tune the surface electronic structure of magnetic topological insulators based on MnBi2Te4. The topological bands of these systems are typically strongly electron-doped and hybridized with a manifold of surface states that places the salient topological states out of reach of electron transport and practical applications. In this work, micro-focused angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (microARPES) provides direct access to the termination-dependent dispersion of MnBi2Te4and MnBi4Te7during in situ deposition of rubidium atoms. The resulting band structure changes are found to be highly complex, encompassing coverage-dependent am-bipolar doping effects, removal of surface state hybridization and the collapse of a surface state band gap. In addition, a doping-dependent band bending is found to give rise to tunable quantum well states. This wide range of observed electronic structure modifications could provide new ways to exploit the topological states and the rich surface electronic structures of manganese bismuthtellurides.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2301907
JournalAdvanced Materials
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sept 2023


  • alkali doping
  • magnetic topological insulators
  • microARPES
  • surface band structure engineering
  • tunable topological bands


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