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Strongly Coupled Plasmas via Rydberg Blockade of Cold Atoms

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  • G. Bannasch
  • ,
  • T. C. Killian
  • ,
  • T. Pohl

We propose and analyze a new scheme to produce ultracold neutral plasmas deep in the strongly coupled regime. The method exploits the interaction blockade between cold atoms excited to high-lying Rydberg states and therefore does not require substantial extensions of current ultracold plasma experiments. Extensive simulations reveal a universal behavior of the resulting Coulomb coupling parameter, providing a direct connection between the physics of strongly correlated Rydberg gases and ultracold plasmas. The approach is shown to reduce currently accessible temperatures by more than an order of magnitude, which opens up a new regime for ultracold plasma research and cold ion-beam applications with readily available experimental techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Article number253003
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume110
Issue25
Number of pages6
ISSN0031-9007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • ULTRACOLD NEUTRAL PLASMAS, TEMPERATURE, EXCITATION, LIQUIDS, DENSE, GAS

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