"Stroke - 65 plus. Continued active life." A randomized controlled trial of a self-management neurorehabilitation intervention for elderly people after stroke

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Post-stroke sequelae among elderly often lead to a more inactive life while carrying a risk of overburdening close relatives. The objective of the present study was to determine if a novel self-management neuro-rehabilitation intervention added to usual treatment for people with stroke over the age of 65 years improved their self-efficacy.

METHODS: This randomised controlled trial included participants two weeks before discharge from subacute rehabilitation. All participants received usual treatment. The intervention entailed an add-on of six to eight self-management sessions lasting 45-60 min within a period of nine months after discharge. This novel neuro-rehabilitation intervention focused on promoting growth, development and self-efficacy by facilitating the participants' self-management strategies regarding their activities and social network. All participants were assessed at baseline, three months and nine months after discharge. The primary outcome was self-efficacy measured by the Stroke Self-Efficacy Questionnaire.

RESULTS: Sixty-nine individuals with stroke aged > 65 years were randomised. Their mean(SD) age was 76(6) years; 32 (46%) were female. No significant difference was found between the groups at baseline. Improvement recorded in the intervention group did not significantly differ from that of the control group with regard to primary outcome or secondary outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: This novel self-management intervention had no significant effect measured by the primary outcome self-efficacy or quality of life. Furthermore, no impact was observed on participation and autonomy compared with usual treatment.Clinical trial registration-URL: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03183960. Registered on 12 June 2017.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
ISSN0963-8288
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • caregiver burden
  • elderly people
  • quality of life
  • self-efficacy
  • Self-management
  • stroke
  • support

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