Department of Economics and Business Economics

Stability of Major Geogenic Cations in Drinking Water - An Issue of Public Health Importance: A Danish Study, 1980⁻2017

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Stability of Major Geogenic Cations in Drinking Water - An Issue of Public Health Importance : A Danish Study, 1980⁻2017. / Wodschow, Kirstine; Hansen, Birgitte; Schullehner, Jörg; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 15, No. 6, 08.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Wodschow, K, Hansen, B, Schullehner, J & Ersbøll, AK 2018, 'Stability of Major Geogenic Cations in Drinking Water - An Issue of Public Health Importance: A Danish Study, 1980⁻2017', International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 15, no. 6. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061212

APA

Wodschow, K., Hansen, B., Schullehner, J., & Ersbøll, A. K. (2018). Stability of Major Geogenic Cations in Drinking Water - An Issue of Public Health Importance: A Danish Study, 1980⁻2017. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061212

CBE

Wodschow K, Hansen B, Schullehner J, Ersbøll AK. 2018. Stability of Major Geogenic Cations in Drinking Water - An Issue of Public Health Importance: A Danish Study, 1980⁻2017. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 15(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061212

MLA

Wodschow, Kirstine et al. "Stability of Major Geogenic Cations in Drinking Water - An Issue of Public Health Importance: A Danish Study, 1980⁻2017". International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018. 15(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061212

Vancouver

Wodschow K, Hansen B, Schullehner J, Ersbøll AK. Stability of Major Geogenic Cations in Drinking Water - An Issue of Public Health Importance: A Danish Study, 1980⁻2017. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018 Jun 8;15(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061212

Author

Wodschow, Kirstine ; Hansen, Birgitte ; Schullehner, Jörg ; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær. / Stability of Major Geogenic Cations in Drinking Water - An Issue of Public Health Importance : A Danish Study, 1980⁻2017. In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 15, No. 6.

Bibtex

@article{7ccc8bdb290b45b9b36f0d394aca4941,
title = "Stability of Major Geogenic Cations in Drinking Water - An Issue of Public Health Importance: A Danish Study, 1980⁻2017",
abstract = "Concentrations and spatial variations of the four cations Na, K, Mg and Ca are known to some extent for groundwater and to a lesser extent for drinking water. Using Denmark as case, the purpose of this study was to analyze the spatial and temporal variations in the major cations in drinking water. The results will contribute to a better exposure estimation in future studies of the association between cations and diseases. Spatial and temporal variations and the association with aquifer types, were analyzed with spatial scan statistics, linear regression and a multilevel mixed-effects linear regression model. About 65,000 water samples of each cation (1980⁻2017) were included in the study. Results of mean concentrations were 31.4 mg/L, 3.5 mg/L, 12.1 mg/L and 84.5 mg/L for 1980⁻2017 for Na, K, Mg and Ca, respectively. An expected west-east trend in concentrations were confirmed, mainly explained by variations in aquifer types. The trend in concentration was stable for about 31⁻45{\%} of the public water supply areas. It is therefore recommended that the exposure estimate in future health related studies not only be based on a single mean value, but that temporal and spatial variations should also be included.",
author = "Kirstine Wodschow and Birgitte Hansen and J{\"o}rg Schullehner and Ersb{\o}ll, {Annette Kj{\ae}r}",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "8",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph15061212",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1661-7827",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stability of Major Geogenic Cations in Drinking Water - An Issue of Public Health Importance

T2 - A Danish Study, 1980⁻2017

AU - Wodschow, Kirstine

AU - Hansen, Birgitte

AU - Schullehner, Jörg

AU - Ersbøll, Annette Kjær

PY - 2018/6/8

Y1 - 2018/6/8

N2 - Concentrations and spatial variations of the four cations Na, K, Mg and Ca are known to some extent for groundwater and to a lesser extent for drinking water. Using Denmark as case, the purpose of this study was to analyze the spatial and temporal variations in the major cations in drinking water. The results will contribute to a better exposure estimation in future studies of the association between cations and diseases. Spatial and temporal variations and the association with aquifer types, were analyzed with spatial scan statistics, linear regression and a multilevel mixed-effects linear regression model. About 65,000 water samples of each cation (1980⁻2017) were included in the study. Results of mean concentrations were 31.4 mg/L, 3.5 mg/L, 12.1 mg/L and 84.5 mg/L for 1980⁻2017 for Na, K, Mg and Ca, respectively. An expected west-east trend in concentrations were confirmed, mainly explained by variations in aquifer types. The trend in concentration was stable for about 31⁻45% of the public water supply areas. It is therefore recommended that the exposure estimate in future health related studies not only be based on a single mean value, but that temporal and spatial variations should also be included.

AB - Concentrations and spatial variations of the four cations Na, K, Mg and Ca are known to some extent for groundwater and to a lesser extent for drinking water. Using Denmark as case, the purpose of this study was to analyze the spatial and temporal variations in the major cations in drinking water. The results will contribute to a better exposure estimation in future studies of the association between cations and diseases. Spatial and temporal variations and the association with aquifer types, were analyzed with spatial scan statistics, linear regression and a multilevel mixed-effects linear regression model. About 65,000 water samples of each cation (1980⁻2017) were included in the study. Results of mean concentrations were 31.4 mg/L, 3.5 mg/L, 12.1 mg/L and 84.5 mg/L for 1980⁻2017 for Na, K, Mg and Ca, respectively. An expected west-east trend in concentrations were confirmed, mainly explained by variations in aquifer types. The trend in concentration was stable for about 31⁻45% of the public water supply areas. It is therefore recommended that the exposure estimate in future health related studies not only be based on a single mean value, but that temporal and spatial variations should also be included.

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph15061212

DO - 10.3390/ijerph15061212

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29890707

VL - 15

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1661-7827

IS - 6

ER -