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sPlotOpen – An environmentally balanced, open-access, global dataset of vegetation plots

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DOI

  • Francesco Maria Sabatini, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
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  • Jonathan Lenoir, Universite de Picardie Jules Verne
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  • Tarek Hattab, Universite de Montpellier
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  • Elise Aimee Arnst, Landcare Research
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  • Milan Chytrý, Masaryk University
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  • Jürgen Dengler, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, University of Bayreuth
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  • Patrice De Ruffray, Université de Strasbourg
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  • Stephan M. Hennekens, Wageningen University & Research
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  • Ute Jandt, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
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  • Florian Jansen, University of Rostock
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  • Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, University of Oviedo
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  • Jens Kattge, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
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  • Aurora Levesley, University of Leeds
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  • Valério D. Pillar, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
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  • Oliver Purschke, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
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  • Brody Sandel, Santa Clara University
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  • Fahmida Sultana, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology
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  • Tsipe Aavik, University of Tartu
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  • Svetlana Aćić, University of Belgrade
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  • Alicia T.R. Acosta, Roma Tre University
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  • Emiliano Agrillo, ?Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research
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  • Miguel Alvarez, University of Bonn
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  • Iva Apostolova, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
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  • Mohammed A.S. Arfin Khan, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology
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  • Luzmila Arroyo, Universidad Autónoma Gabriel René Moreno
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  • Fabio Attorre, University of Rome La Sapienza
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  • Isabelle Aubin, Natural Resources Canada
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  • Arindam Banerjee, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
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  • Marijn Bauters, Ghent University
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  • Yves Bergeron, Universite du Quebec en Abitibi-Temiscamingue
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  • Erwin Bergmeier, University of Göttingen
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  • Idoia Biurrun, University of the Basque Country
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  • Anne D. Bjorkman, University of Gothenburg, Gothenberg Global Biodiversity Centre
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  • Gianmaria Bonari, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano
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  • Viktoria Bondareva, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Jörg Brunet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
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  • Andraž Čarni, Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, University of Nova Gorica
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  • Laura Casella, ?Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research
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  • Luis Cayuela, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos
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  • Tomáš Černý, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
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  • Victor Chepinoga, RAS - Siberian Branch
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  • János Csiky, University of Pecs
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  • Renata Ćušterevska, SS Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje
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  • Els De Bie, Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research
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  • André Luis de Gasper, Universidade Regional de Blumenau
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  • Michele De Sanctis, University of Rome La Sapienza
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  • Panayotis Dimopoulos, University of Patras
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  • Jiri Dolezal, Czech Academy of Sciences
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  • Tetiana Dziuba, M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany
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  • Mohamed Abd El Rouf Mousa El-Sheikh, King Saud University, Damanhour University
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  • Brian Enquist, University of Arizona
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  • Jörg Ewald, Weihenstephan-Triesdorf University of Applied Sciences
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  • Farideh Fazayeli, Alphabet Inc., University of Minnesota
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  • Richard Field, University of Nottingham
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  • Manfred Finckh, University of Hamburg
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  • Sophie Gachet, Universite d'Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse
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  • Antonio Galán-de-Mera, San Pablo CEU University Foundation, Universidad Privada Antonio Guillermo Urrelo, Herbario AQP
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  • Emmanuel Garbolino, CS
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  • Hamid Gholizadeh, Mazandaran University
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  • Melisa Giorgis, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal
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  • Valentin Golub, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Inger Greve Alsos, UiT The Arctic University of Norway
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  • John Arvid Grytnes, University of Bergen
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  • Gregory Richard Guerin, University of Adelaide
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  • Alvaro G. Gutiérrez, Universidad Austral de Chile
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  • Sylvia Haider, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
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  • Mohamed Z. Hatim, Wageningen University & Research, Tanta University
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  • Bruno Hérault, Centre de Coopération International de Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Universite de Montpellier, ?Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny
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  • Guillermo Hinojos Mendoza, ASES Ecological and Sustainable Services
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  • Norbert Hölzel, University of Münster
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  • Jürgen Homeier, University of Göttingen
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  • Wannes Hubau, Ghent University, Royal Museum for Central Africa
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  • Adrian Indreica, Transilvania University of Brasov
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  • John A.M. Janssen, Wageningen University & Research
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  • Birgit Jedrzejek, University of Münster
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  • Anke Jentsch, University of Bayreuth
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  • Norbert Jürgens, University of Hamburg
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  • Zygmunt Kącki, University of Wroclaw
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  • Jutta Kapfer, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research
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  • Dirk Nikolaus Karger, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
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  • Ali Kavgacı, Karabuk University
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  • Elizabeth Kearsley, Ghent University
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  • Michael Kessler, University of Zurich
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  • Larisa Khanina, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Timothy Killeen, Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado
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  • Andrey Korolyuk, RAS - Siberian Branch
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  • Holger Kreft, University of Göttingen
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  • Hjalmar S. Kühl, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
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  • Anna Kuzemko, M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany
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  • Flavia Landucci, Masaryk University
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  • Attila Lengyel, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
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  • Frederic Lens, Naturalis National Museum of Natural History, Leiden University
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  • Débora Vanessa Lingner, Universidade Regional de Blumenau
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  • Hongyan Liu, Peking University
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  • Tatiana Lysenko, Russian Academy of Sciences, RAS - Tobolsk Scientific Station, Ural Branch
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  • Miguel D. Mahecha, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Leipzig University
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  • Corrado Marcenò, Masaryk University, University of the Basque Country
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  • Vasiliy Martynenko, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Jesper Erenskjold Moeslund
  • Abel Monteagudo Mendoza, Jardín Botánico de Missouri, Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco
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  • Ladislav Mucina, Murdoch University, University of Stellenbosch
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  • Jonas V. Müller, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Jérôme Munzinger, Universite de Montpellier
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  • Alireza Naqinezhad, Mazandaran University
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  • Jalil Noroozi, University of Vienna
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  • Arkadiusz Nowak, Polish Academy of Sciences, University of Opole
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  • Viktor Onyshchenko, M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany
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  • Gerhard E. Overbeck, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
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  • Meelis Pärtel, University of Tartu
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  • Aníbal Pauchard, Universidad de Concepcion, Universidad de Chile
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  • Robert K. Peet, University of North Carolina
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  • Josep Peñuelas, CSIC, Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications
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  • Aaron Pérez-Haase, The University of Vic - Central University of Catalonia, University of Barcelona
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  • Tomáš Peterka, Masaryk University
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  • Petr Petřík, Czech Academy of Sciences
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  • Gwendolyn Peyre, Universidad de Los Andes Colombia
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  • Oliver L. Phillips, University of Leeds
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  • Vadim Prokhorov, Kazan Volga Region Federal University
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  • Valerijus Rašomavičius, Institute of Botany Lithuanian
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  • Rasmus Revermann, University of Hamburg, Namibia University of Science and Technology
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  • Gonzalo Rivas-Torres, Universidad San Francisco de Quito
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  • John S. Rodwell, Independent Researcher
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  • Eszter Ruprecht, Babes-Bolyai University
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  • Solvita Rūsiņa, University of Latvia
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  • Cyrus Samimi, University of Bayreuth
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  • Marco Schmidt, Palmengarten
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  • Franziska Schrodt, University of Nottingham
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  • Hanhuai Shan, Microsoft Research Asia
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  • Pavel Shirokikh, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Jozef Šibík, Slovak Academy of Sciences
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  • Urban Šilc, Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
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  • Petr Sklenář, Charles University
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  • Željko Škvorc, University of Zagreb
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  • Ben Sparrow, University of Adelaide
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  • Marta Gaia Sperandii, Roma Tre University, CSIC-GV-UV - Desertification Research Center
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  • Zvjezdana Stančić, Faculty of Geotechnical Engineering, University of Zagreb
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  • Jens Christian Svenning
  • Zhiyao Tang, Peking University
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  • Cindy Q. Tang, Yunnan University
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  • Ioannis Tsiripidis, School of Biology
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  • Kim André Vanselow, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg
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  • Rodolfo Vásquez Martínez, Jardín Botánico de Missouri
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  • Kiril Vassilev, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
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  • Eduardo Vélez-Martin, Ilex Consultoria Científica
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  • Roberto Venanzoni, University of Perugia
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  • Alexander Christian Vibrans, Universidade Regional de Blumenau
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  • Cyrille Violle, Universite de Montpellier
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  • Risto Virtanen, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, University of Oulu, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
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  • Henrik von Wehrden, Leuphana University of Lüneburg
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  • Viktoria Wagner, University of Alberta
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  • Donald A. Walker, University of Alaska Fairbanks
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  • Donald M. Waller, University of Wisconsin-Madison
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  • Hua Feng Wang, Hainan University
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  • Karsten Wesche, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Technische Universität Dresden
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  • Timothy J.S. Whitfeld, University of Minnesota
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  • Wolfgang Willner, University of Vienna
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  • Susan K. Wiser, Landcare Research
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  • Thomas Wohlgemuth, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
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  • Sergey Yamalov, Russian Academy of Sciences
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  • Martin Zobel, University of Tartu
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  • Helge Bruelheide, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg

Motivation: Assessing biodiversity status and trends in plant communities is critical for understanding, quantifying and predicting the effects of global change on ecosystems. Vegetation plots record the occurrence or abundance of all plant species co-occurring within delimited local areas. This allows species absences to be inferred, information seldom provided by existing global plant datasets. Although many vegetation plots have been recorded, most are not available to the global research community. A recent initiative, called ‘sPlot’, compiled the first global vegetation plot database, and continues to grow and curate it. The sPlot database, however, is extremely unbalanced spatially and environmentally, and is not open-access. Here, we address both these issues by (a) resampling the vegetation plots using several environmental variables as sampling strata and (b) securing permission from data holders of 105 local-to-regional datasets to openly release data. We thus present sPlotOpen, the largest open-access dataset of vegetation plots ever released. sPlotOpen can be used to explore global diversity at the plant community level, as ground truth data in remote sensing applications, or as a baseline for biodiversity monitoring. Main types of variable contained: Vegetation plots (n = 95,104) recording cover or abundance of naturally co-occurring vascular plant species within delimited areas. sPlotOpen contains three partially overlapping resampled datasets (c. 50,000 plots each), to be used as replicates in global analyses. Besides geographical location, date, plot size, biome, elevation, slope, aspect, vegetation type, naturalness, coverage of various vegetation layers, and source dataset, plot-level data also include community-weighted means and variances of 18 plant functional traits from the TRY Plant Trait Database. Spatial location and grain: Global, 0.01–40,000 m². Time period and grain: 1888–2015, recording dates. Major taxa and level of measurement: 42,677 vascular plant taxa, plot-level records. Software format: Three main matrices (.csv), relationally linked.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGlobal Ecology and Biogeography
Volume30
Issue9
Pages (from-to)1740-1764
Number of pages25
ISSN1466-822X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Global Ecology and Biogeography published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

    Research areas

  • big data, biodiversity, biogeography, database, functional traits, macroecology, vascular plants, vegetation plots

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