Spatiotemporal distancing of crops reduces pest pressure while maintaining conservation biocontrol in oilseed rape

Silva Sulg*, Gabriella Kovács, Jonathan Willow, Riina Kaasik, Guy Smagghe, Gabor L. Lövei*, Eve Veromann*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Agricultural landscapes provide resources for arthropod pests as well as their natural enemies. To develop integrated pest management (IPM) practices, it is important to understand how spatiotemporal location influences crop colonization and damage severity. We performed a 3-year (2016–2018) field experiment in winter oilseed rape (OSR, Brassica napus) fields in Estonia, where half of the fields were within 500 m of the location of the previous year's winter OSR field and half were outside this zone. We investigated how distance from the previous year's OSR crop influences the infestation and parasitism rates of two of its most important pests: the pollen beetle (Brassicogethes aeneus) and the cabbage seed weevil (Ceutorhynchus obstrictus). RESULTS: When the distance from the previous year's OSR crop was >500 m, we recorded significantly reduced pest pressure by both B. aeneus and C. obstrictus in the study fields. Biocontrol of both pests, provided by parasitic wasps, was high in each study year and commonly not affected by distance. Mean parasitism rates of B. aeneus were >31%, occasionally reaching >70%; for C. obstrictus, mean parasitism was >46%, reaching up to 79%, thereby providing effective biocontrol for both pest species. CONCLUSION: Spatiotemporal separation of OSR fields can reduce pest pressure without resulting in reduced parasitism of OSR pests. This supports a spatiotemporal field separation concept as an effective and sustainable technique for IPM in OSR.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPest Management Science
Volume80
Issue5
Pages (from-to)2250-2259
Number of pages10
ISSN1526-498X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • agricultural land management
  • biological control
  • cabbage seed weevil
  • integrated pest management
  • pollen beetle
  • rapeseed
  • Animals
  • Brassica napus
  • Arthropods
  • Coleoptera/parasitology
  • Wasps
  • Weevils

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Spatiotemporal distancing of crops reduces pest pressure while maintaining conservation biocontrol in oilseed rape'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this