Socioeconomic Inequalities in Functional Outcome After Reperfusion-Treated Ischemic Stroke

Sine Mette Øgendahl Buus*, Marie Louise Schmitz, Pia Cordsen, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Grethe Andersen, Claus Ziegler Simonsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate whether socioeconomic status (SES) was associated with functional outcome in patients with ischemic stroke treated with reperfusion therapy (intravenous thrombolysis and/or thrombectomy). METHODS: This nationwide cohort study included reperfusion-treated patients with ischemic stroke ≥18 years registered in the Danish Stroke Registry between 2015 and 2018. Functional outcome was determined by the modified Rankin Scale score 90 days after stroke. SES was defined by educational attainment, family income, and employment status before stroke. SES data were available from Statistics Denmark and linked on the individual level with data from the Danish Stroke Registry. Uni- and multivariable ordinal logistic regression was performed for each socioeconomic parameter individually (education, income, and employment) to estimate the common odds ratios (cORs) for lower 90-day modified Rankin Scale scores. RESULTS: A total of 5666 patients were included. Mean age was 68.7 years (95% CI, 68.3-69.0), and 38.4% were female. Low SES was associated with lower odds for achieving lower 90-day modified Rankin Scale score: Low versus high education, cOR, 0.69 (95% CI, 0.61-0.79), low versus high income, cOR, 0.59 (95% CI, 0.53-0.67), and unemployed versus employed, cOR, 0.70 (95% CI, 0.58-0.83). Inequalities were reduced after adjusting for age, sex, and immigrant status, except for unemployed versus employed patients, adjusted cOR, 0.66 (95% CI, 0.54-0.80). No statistically significant differences remained after adjusting for potentially mediating variables (eg, stroke severity, prestroke modified Rankin Scale, and smoking). CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic inequalities were observed in functional outcome after reperfusion treated ischemic stroke. In particular, prestroke unemployment was negatively associated with good functional outcome. A more adverse prognostic profile among patients with low SES appeared to explain the majority of these inequalities.

Original languageEnglish
JournalStroke
Volume54
Issue8
Pages (from-to)2040-2049
Number of pages10
ISSN0039-2499
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • activities of daily living
  • healthcare disparities
  • ischemic stroke
  • socioeconomic factors
  • stroke rehabilitation
  • thrombectomy
  • tissue-type plasminogen activator

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