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Short communication: Improving accuracy of predicting breeding values in Brazilian Holstein population by adding data from Nordic and French Holstein populations

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  • X. Li, Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics, China Agricultural University, State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, Sun Yat-Sen University
  • ,
  • M. S. Lund
  • Q. Zhang
  • C. N. Costa, Embrapa Dairy Cattle
  • ,
  • V. Ducrocq, Universite Paris-Saclay
  • ,
  • G. Su

The present study investigated the improvement of prediction reliabilities for 3 production traits in Brazilian Holsteins that had no genotype information by adding information from Nordic and French Holstein bulls that had genotypes. The estimated across-country genetic correlations (ranging from 0.604 to 0.726) indicated that an important genotype by environment interaction exists between Brazilian and Nordic (or Nordic and French) populations. Prediction reliabilities for Brazilian genotyped bulls were greatly increased by including data of Nordic and French bulls, and a 2-trait single-step genomic BLUP performed much better than the corresponding pedigree-based BLUP. However, only a minor improvement in prediction reliabilities was observed in nongenotyped Brazilian cows. The results indicate that although there is a large genotype by environment interaction, inclusion of a foreign reference population can improve accuracy of genetic evaluation for the Brazilian Holstein population. However, a Brazilian reference population is necessary to obtain a more accurate genomic evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number74482
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Pages (from-to)4574-4579
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

    Research areas

  • BLUP, Genotype by environment interaction, Holstein population, Single-step genomic BLUP

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