Department of Economics and Business Economics

Sex-specific impact of socio-economic factors on suicide risk: a population-based case-control study in Denmark

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  • Antonio Rodríguez Andrés, Denmark
  • Sunny Collings, Denmark
  • Ping Qin, Denmark
  • National Centre for Register-based Research
  • Master of Public Health (MPH)
BACKGROUND: Although many authors have investigated the impact of sex on the association between socio-economic status (SES) and suicide, a definite consensus has not yet emerged. Using Danish population registration data including 15 648 suicide deaths of individuals aged 18-65 year during 1981-97 and matched population controls, we investigate the associations of multiple SES factors with suicide risk and explore the sex-specific aspects of these associations. METHODS: We use conditional logistic regression models to estimate the statistical relationship between SES, sex and suicide. RESULTS: SES, proxied by low income, unskilled blue-collar work, non-specific wage work and unemployment, increases suicide risk more prominently for men than for women. Marital status has a comparable influence on suicide risk in both sexes; parenthood is protective against suicide, and the effect is larger for women. Living in a large city raises suicide risk for women but reduces it for men; residents with a foreign citizenship in Denmark have a lower risk of suicide compared with Danish citizens, but this protection is confined to male immigrants. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that suicide risk is associated with a range of SES proxies but the strength and/or direction of the association can differ by sex. Risk assessement and, therefore, prevention approaches should take this into consideration.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Volume20
Issue3
Pages (from-to)265-270
ISSN1101-1262
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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