Selection, genome-wide fitness effects and evolutionary rates in the model legume Medicago truncatula

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  • Timothy Paape
  • ,
  • Thomas Bataillon
  • Peng Zhou
  • ,
  • Tom J Y Kono
  • ,
  • Roman Briskine
  • ,
  • Nevin D Young
  • ,
  • Peter Tiffin
Sequence data for >20 000 annotated genes from 56 accessions of Medicago truncatula were used to identify potential targets of positive selection, the determinants of evolutionary rate variation and the relative importance of positive and purifying selection in shaping nucleotide diversity. Based upon patterns of intraspecific diversity and interspecific divergence, c. 50-75% of nonsynonymous polymorphisms are subject to strong purifying selection and 1% of the sampled genes harbour a signature of positive selection. Combining polymorphism with expression data, we estimated the distribution of fitness effects and found that the proportion of deleterious mutations is significantly greater for expressed genes than for genes with undetected transcripts (nonexpressed) in a previous RNA-seq experiment and greater for broadly expressed genes than those expressed in only a single tissue. Expression level is the strongest correlate of evolutionary rates at nonsynonymous sites, and despite multiple genomic features being significantly correlated with evolutionary rates, they explain less than 20% of the variation in nonsynonymous rates (dN) and
Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Ecology
Pages (from-to)3525-3538
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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