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Salivary fluoride levels after daily brushing with 5000 ppm fluoride toothpaste: A randomised, controlled clinical trial

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This study explored salivary fluoride levels following toothbrushing with 5000 and 1450 ppm fluoride toothpaste and determined the decline in salivary fluoride levels following the return from 5000 to 1450 ppm fluoride toothpaste. The study was a randomised, controlled double-blind parallel clinical trial (n = 24/group) measuring salivary fluoride five times during a 3-week trial phase involving 2×/day use of 5000 or 1450 ppm fluoride toothpaste, and five times during an ensuing 2-week wash-out phase where all participants used 1450 ppm toothpaste. Salivary fluoride was measured using a fluoride electrode and data were analysed using multilevel mixed-effects linear regression. Baseline salivary fluoride geometric means were 0.014 and 0.016 ppm for the 1450 and 5000 ppm groups, while the values at the end of the trial phase were 0.023 and 0.044 ppm, respectively. During the trial phase, except at baseline, differences between groups were statistically significant. The salivary fluoride levels for the 5000 ppm group remained statistically significantly higher than for the 1450 ppm group only at the first measurement in the wash-out phase (≈30 h after the last 5000 ppm brushing), indicating that higher salivary fluoride levels resulting from use of 5000 ppm are sustained only as long as the brushing habit continues.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12934
JournalEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. European Journal of Oral Sciences published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Scandinavian Division of the International Association for Dental Research.

    Research areas

  • dental caries, fluorides, humans, saliva, toothbrushing, topical

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